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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(8), 1544; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9081544

Potential on Energy Performance Upgrade of National Stadiums: A Case Study for the Pancretan Stadium, Crete, Greece

1
Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wind Energy and Power Plants Synthesis Laboratory, Estavromenos, 714 10 Heraklion Crete, Greece
2
Aid Engineering, Atrina Building, 32 Kifissias Av., 151 25 Athens, Greece
3
Diopsis Consulting Ltd., G. Papandreou 94, 546 55 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 13 April 2019
PDF [1808 KB, uploaded 13 April 2019]
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Abstract

Energy performance upgrade of stadiums constitutes a complex and demanding task because of both the size and the variety of the involved energy loads. The present article aims to summarize the basic results of the implemented study on the energy performance upgrade of the Pancretan Stadium, Crete, Greece. This target was approached with a cluster of passive and active measures: replacement of old openings, a photovoltaic station, an open loop geothermal system, installation of energy-efficient lighting devices, a solar-biomass combi system and a Building Energy Management System (BEMS) for the control of the main energy consumptions. The dimensioning of all the proposed active systems is optimized through the computational simulation of their annual operation. With the applied technologies, the achieved annual energy saving percentage exceeds 83%. The Renewable Energy Sources annual penetration percentage is calculated at 82% versus the annual energy consumption. The Stadium’s energy performance is upgraded from rank D to rank A+, according to the European Union’s directives. The set-up cost of the under consideration energy performance upgrade systems is approximately calculated at 2,700,000 €, with a payback period of 12 years, calculated versus the achieved monetary savings due to the reduction of the consumed energy resources.
Keywords: stadiums sports facilities energy saving upgrade; photovoltaic stations on roofs; open loop normal geothermal systems; heating and cooling loads; biomass-solar combi systems; swimming pools heating stadiums sports facilities energy saving upgrade; photovoltaic stations on roofs; open loop normal geothermal systems; heating and cooling loads; biomass-solar combi systems; swimming pools heating
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Katsaprakakis, D.A.; Dakanali, I.; Zidianakis, G.; Yiannakoudakis, Y.; Psarras, N.; Kanouras, S. Potential on Energy Performance Upgrade of National Stadiums: A Case Study for the Pancretan Stadium, Crete, Greece. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1544.

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