Investigating Quantum Coherence by Negative Excursions of the Wigner Quasi-Distribution
AbstractQuantum information and quantum communication are both strongly based on concepts of quantum superposition and entanglement. Entanglement allows distinct bodies, that share a common origin or that have interacted in the past, to continue to be described by the same wave function until evolution is coherent. So, there is an equivalence between coherence and entanglement. In this paper, we show the relation between quantum coherence and quantum interference and the negative parts of the Wigner quasi-distribution, using the Wigner signed-particle formulation. A simple physical problem consisting of electrons in a nanowire interacting with the potential of a repulsive dopant placed in the center of it creates a quasi two-slit electron system that separates the wave function into two entangled branches. The analysis of the Wigner quasi-distribution of this problem establishes that its negative part is principally concentrated in the region after the dopant between the two entangled branches, maintaining the coherence between them. Moreover, quantum interference is shown in this region both in the positive and in the negative part of the Wigner function and is produced by the superposition of Wigner functions evaluated at points of the momentum space that are symmetric with respect to the initial momentum of the injected electrons. View Full-Text
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Ballicchia, M.; Ferry, D.K.; Nedjalkov, M.; Weinbub, J. Investigating Quantum Coherence by Negative Excursions of the Wigner Quasi-Distribution. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1344.
Ballicchia M, Ferry DK, Nedjalkov M, Weinbub J. Investigating Quantum Coherence by Negative Excursions of the Wigner Quasi-Distribution. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(7):1344.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ballicchia, Mauro; Ferry, David K.; Nedjalkov, Mihail; Weinbub, Josef. 2019. "Investigating Quantum Coherence by Negative Excursions of the Wigner Quasi-Distribution." Appl. Sci. 9, no. 7: 1344.
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