3D U-Net for Skull Stripping in Brain MRI
AbstractSkull stripping in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an essential step to analyze images of the brain. Although manual segmentation has the highest accuracy, it is a time-consuming task. Therefore, various automatic segmentation algorithms of the brain in MRI have been devised and proposed previously. However, there is still no method that solves the entire brain extraction problem satisfactorily for diverse datasets in a generic and robust way. To address these shortcomings of existing methods, we propose the use of a 3D-UNet for skull stripping in brain MRI. The 3D-UNet was recently proposed and has been widely used for volumetric segmentation in medical images due to its outstanding performance. It is an extended version of the previously proposed 2D-UNet, which is based on a deep learning network, specifically, the convolutional neural network. We evaluated 3D-UNet skull-stripping using a publicly available brain MRI dataset and compared the results with three existing methods (BSE, ROBEX, and Kleesiek’s method; BSE and ROBEX are two conventional methods, and Kleesiek’s method is based on deep learning). The 3D-UNet outperforms two typical methods and shows comparable results with the specific deep learning-based algorithm, exhibiting a mean Dice coefficient of 0.9903, a sensitivity of 0.9853, and a specificity of 0.9953. View Full-Text
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Hwang, H.; Rehman, H.Z.U.; Lee, S. 3D U-Net for Skull Stripping in Brain MRI. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 569.
Hwang H, Rehman HZU, Lee S. 3D U-Net for Skull Stripping in Brain MRI. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(3):569.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hwang, Hyunho; Rehman, Hafiz Z.U.; Lee, Sungon. 2019. "3D U-Net for Skull Stripping in Brain MRI." Appl. Sci. 9, no. 3: 569.
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