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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(3), 539; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9030539

Microstructural Investigations of Low Temperature Joining of Q&P Steels Using Ag Nanoparticles in Combination with Sn and SnAg as Activating Material

1
Composites and Material Compounds Group, Chemnitz University of Technology, 09107 Chemnitz, Germany
2
Materials Science Group, Chemnitz University of Technology, 09107 Chemnitz, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 January 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2019 / Accepted: 1 February 2019 / Published: 6 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the NMJ2018)
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Abstract

Quenching and partitioning (Q&P) steels show a good balance between strength and ductility due to a special heat treatment that allows to adjust a microstructure of martensite with a fraction of stabilized retained austenite. The final heat treatment step is performed at low temperatures. Therefore, joining of Q&P steels is a big challenge. On the one hand, a low joining temperature is necessary in order not to influence the adjusted microstructure; on the other hand, high joint strengths are required. In this study, joining of Q&P steels with Ag nanoparticles is investigated. Due to the nano-effect, high-strength and temperature-resistant joints can be produced at low temperatures with nanoparticles, which meets the contradictory requirements for joining of Q&P steels. In addition to the Ag nanoparticles, activating materials (SnAg and Sn) are used at the interface to achieve an improved bonding to the steel substrate. The results show that the activating materials play an important role in the successful formation of joints. Only with the activating materials, can joints be produced. Due to the low joining temperature (max. 237 °C), the microstructure of the Q&P steel is hardly influenced. View Full-Text
Keywords: low temperature joining; nano-joining; silver sintering; alternative brazing; alternative soldering; Q&P steels; activating material; SnAg solder; Sn foil; Sn PVD coating low temperature joining; nano-joining; silver sintering; alternative brazing; alternative soldering; Q&P steels; activating material; SnAg solder; Sn foil; Sn PVD coating
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hausner, S.; Wagner, M. .-X.; Wagner, G. Microstructural Investigations of Low Temperature Joining of Q&P Steels Using Ag Nanoparticles in Combination with Sn and SnAg as Activating Material. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 539.

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