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Open AccessArticle

Feasibility Study of the Installation of Wave Energy Converters in Existing Breakwaters in the North of Spain

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Grupo de Investigación de Medio Marino, Costero y Portuario, y Otras Áreas Sensibles, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(23), 5225; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235225
Received: 1 November 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 23 November 2019 / Published: 1 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends of Sustainability in Civil Engineering and Architecture)
In a context of growing global awareness of environmental sustainability, given the risks associated with global warming and climate change, the transition from environmental models to highly intensive fossil fuel production towards new clean energy systems marks the future of global public agendas. In this scenario, a feasibility study of the installation of wave energy converters, such as the Sea Slot-Cone Generator (SSG) and the Oscillating Water Column (OWC), was carried out in existing breakwaters in the North of Spain, choosing Punta Langosteira (Outer Port of A Coruña), Dique Torres and Dique Norte (Port el Musel, Gijón) and Punta Lucero (Port of Bilbao). It was aimed at capturing the great energy potential of the Atlantic Ocean, as an innovative solution linked to the development of renewable energy sources of marine origin. The selection of the most optimal and efficient alternative will depend on different aspects: the quantitative availability of the wave energy resource at the study points, the production of energy obtained by the device and the capacity factor, the capacity of the wave energy facility to supply the energy consumption in every port to boost the image of “Green Port”, the constructive viability so that the condition of having the construction works only during one year and an economic estimation of each alternative. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave energy; sea slot-cone generator wave energy converter; oscillating water column; numerical model; wave propagation wave energy; sea slot-cone generator wave energy converter; oscillating water column; numerical model; wave propagation
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Lacasa, M.C.; Esteban, M.D.; López-Gutiérrez, J.-S.; Negro, V.; Zang, Z. Feasibility Study of the Installation of Wave Energy Converters in Existing Breakwaters in the North of Spain. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5225.

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