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Open AccessArticle

Comparison of Diverse Dust Control Products in Wind-Induced Dust Emission from Unpaved Roads

Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben Gurion University, Beersheba 8410501, Israel
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(23), 5204; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235204
Received: 15 November 2019 / Revised: 24 November 2019 / Accepted: 27 November 2019 / Published: 29 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Erosion: Dust Control and Sand Stabilization)
Surfaces of unpaved roads are subjected to dust PM10 (particulate matter < 10 µm) emission by wind process regardless of vehicles (wheels) transport. However, there is little quantitative information on wind-induced dust emission from unpaved roads and the efficiency of diverse dust control products. The study aimed to fill this clear applied scientific gap using wind-tunnel experiments under laboratory and field conditions. The wind-tunnel complies with aerodynamics requirements and is adjusted to dynamic similitude by appropriately scaling all variables that affect dust transport. The results of the control sample (no-treatment) clearly show that dust emission by wind from unpaved road could be a substantial contribution to mass transfer and air pollution, and thus should be considered. Diverse dust control products of synthetic and organic polymers (Lignin, Resin, Bitumen, PVA, Brine) were tested. In the first stage, the products were tested under controlled-laboratory conditions. The results enabled quantitative assessment of the product efficacy in wind erosion without the impact of vehicle transport. In the second stage, the products were tested in field experiment in an active quarry, in which the products were applied on plots along the road. The field experiment was conducted after transportation of the quarry-haul trucks in two time points: several days after the application, and several weeks after the application. The results show that in most of the plots the dust emission increases with the wind velocity. PM10 fluxes from the road surface in each plot were calculated to determine the effectiveness of the dust control products. Some products significantly reduced dust emission from quarry roads, especially when using the Hydrous magnesium chloride (Brine). Additional experiments revealed that such Brine can be applied with reduced amounts and still keeping on low emission. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind erosion; dust; suppressants; PM10; wind tunnel; lignin; resin; bitumen; PVA; brine wind erosion; dust; suppressants; PM10; wind tunnel; lignin; resin; bitumen; PVA; brine
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Katra, I. Comparison of Diverse Dust Control Products in Wind-Induced Dust Emission from Unpaved Roads. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5204.

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