This paper investigated the behavioral characteristics of two single tube concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) arch models under different loads. Applying the numerical shape function (NSF) method, the limited strain data of arch models were interpolated to obtain more detailed strain information at unmeasured points. By numerically modeling and characterizing the structural stressing state of arches, these interpolated strains were calculated as the normalized strain energy density (SED) sum to plot the corresponding characteristic curves. Utilizing the Mann-Kendall (M-K) criterion, the qualitative characteristic load was detected from the curve and was referred to as the failure load, updating the existing definition of structural failure. Then, from the perspective of experimental strains, strain/stress fields, and stressing state submodes of internal forces obtained based on the NSF method, the working behavioral characteristics of each respective CFST arch model under loads were embodied in detail. The mutation features were distinguished from the development trend of strain/stress fields or distribution patterns of internal forces to verify the rationality of the updated failure load. Consequently, the NSF method can have a reasonable interpolation on the limited experimental data. By modeling structural stressing state, it can conduct an accurate estimation of the structural failure load and provide a reference for the future design of arch bridges.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited