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Open AccessArticle

Investigation on Single Tube CFST Arch Models by Modeling Structural Stressing State Based on NSF Method

by Kangkang Yang 1,2,†, Wei Wang 3,†, Jun Shi 4,*, Guorui Sun 1,2, Kaikai Zheng 1,2 and Mingyue Zhang 1,2
1
Key Lab of Structures Dynamic Behavior and Control of the Ministry of Education, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2
Key Lab of Smart Prevention and Mitigation of Civil Engineering Disasters of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
3
Academy of Combat Support, Rocket Force University of Engineering, Xi’an 710025, China
4
School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors equally contributed to this manuscript as co-first author.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(23), 5006; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235006
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 6 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 20 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Bridge Construction Systems and Techniques)
This paper investigated the behavioral characteristics of two single tube concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) arch models under different loads. Applying the numerical shape function (NSF) method, the limited strain data of arch models were interpolated to obtain more detailed strain information at unmeasured points. By numerically modeling and characterizing the structural stressing state of arches, these interpolated strains were calculated as the normalized strain energy density (SED) sum to plot the corresponding characteristic curves. Utilizing the Mann-Kendall (M-K) criterion, the qualitative characteristic load was detected from the curve and was referred to as the failure load, updating the existing definition of structural failure. Then, from the perspective of experimental strains, strain/stress fields, and stressing state submodes of internal forces obtained based on the NSF method, the working behavioral characteristics of each respective CFST arch model under loads were embodied in detail. The mutation features were distinguished from the development trend of strain/stress fields or distribution patterns of internal forces to verify the rationality of the updated failure load. Consequently, the NSF method can have a reasonable interpolation on the limited experimental data. By modeling structural stressing state, it can conduct an accurate estimation of the structural failure load and provide a reference for the future design of arch bridges. View Full-Text
Keywords: numerical shape function; structural stressing state; mutation; failure load; CFST arch numerical shape function; structural stressing state; mutation; failure load; CFST arch
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Yang, K.; Wang, W.; Shi, J.; Sun, G.; Zheng, K.; Zhang, M. Investigation on Single Tube CFST Arch Models by Modeling Structural Stressing State Based on NSF Method. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5006.

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