Typical factors that cause nonlinear behavior in structures are geometric nonlinearity, force and displacement boundary condition nonlinearities, and material nonlinearity. The nonlinearity caused by an increase of the internal energy in built-up structures is mostly due to the displacement boundary condition induced by the contact interface region. This study proposes an experimental mode analysis technique that predicts changes in natural frequencies and damping ratios when the external excitation force increases in a structure’s contact surfaces. Specifically, the nonlinearity of the dynamic characteristics induced by the contact region is described by the constitutive Iwan model. Next, an estimation method was developed for two parameters among the four of the Iwan model. This study used a modal analysis method. As an extension of a previous study, the approximate form of the harmonic excitation-induced force was determined in closed form. The configuration of the numerical model for the full structure was introduced from this resultant form. By using these numerical results, responses in the full structure, according to the harmonic excitation, have been represented in mode summation form. This research proposes an estimation method for two parameters among the four of the constitutive model. The proposed method was verified by simulations conducted with the lumped model and by experiments conducted on a partially connected double beam.
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