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Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Residual Elastic Properties of a Damaged Composite Plate with Combined Damage Index and Finite Element Methods

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Turin, Italy
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(12), 2579; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9122579
Received: 29 May 2019 / Revised: 20 June 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nondestructive Testing in Composite Materials)
In structural component applications the use of composite materials is increasing thanks to their optimal mechanical characteristics. However, the complexity of the damage evolution in composite materials significantly limits their widespread diffusion. Non-destructive tests are thus becoming ever more important. The detecting Damage Index ( D I d ) technique has been recently brought in the realm of the non-destructive characterization tests for components made of composite material. In contrast to other techniques, this methodology allows to quantitatively assess local residual properties. In this paper, the D I d technique is adopted in combination with the finite element method. The mechanical response of two composite plates (an 8-layer twill fabric carbon/epoxy) subjected to four-point bending test is firstly used to tune a finite element model of the laminate. Then, an undamaged laminate of the same composite material is progressively damaged through repeated four-point bending tests. Local residual elastic properties are mapped on the plate through the D I d technique. A continuous polynomial curve has been considered to account for the variation of the elastic modulus in the finite element model. The resulting force-displacement curve of the numerical analysis is compared to experimental data of damaged plate, resulting in very good agreement. The combination of the experimental activity and the numerical finite element analysis points out the accuracy of the D I d methodology in assessing local residual elastic properties of composite materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-destructive tests; damage assessment; residual properties; Finite Element Method; Damage Index non-destructive tests; damage assessment; residual properties; Finite Element Method; Damage Index
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Boursier Niutta, C.; Tridello, A.; Ciardiello, R.; Belingardi, G.; Paolino, D.S. Assessment of Residual Elastic Properties of a Damaged Composite Plate with Combined Damage Index and Finite Element Methods. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2579.

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