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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Subatomic-Level Solid/Fluid Boundary of Lennard-Jones Atoms: A Molecular Dynamics Study of Metal-Inert Fluid Interface

1
Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
2
Technical University of Kaiserslautern, Laboratory of Engineering Thermodynamics, Erwin-Schrodinger-Str. 44, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ulsan, Daehak-ro 93, Namgu, Ulsan 680-749, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(12), 2439; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9122439
Received: 15 April 2019 / Revised: 12 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanofluids and Their Applications 2019)
At the molecular scale, the definition of solid/fluid boundary is ambiguous since its defining precision is comparable to the size of the electron orbitals. It is important to figure out the sub-atomic-level solid/fluid boundary as the definition of the solid/fluid interface is related to estimating various properties such as slip length, Kapitza resistance, confined volume, thermodynamic properties, and material properties. In this work, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were conducted to show the effects of the solid/fluid boundary on estimating thermodynamic properties. Our results reveal that the different definitions of solid/fluid boundary can cause a considerable impact on quantitative analysis and even qualitative analysis of a nanoscale system. The solid/fluid boundary for Lennard-Jones atoms is determined within sub-atomic precision via heat transfer MD simulations and microscopic heat flux relation. The result shows that solid/fluid boundary is slightly shifted to the fluid regime as the temperature increase. We suggested a mathematical expression of solid/fluid boundary of LJ atom that is theoretically estimated by ignoring the thermal vibration. The results presented in this work are expected to improve the accuracy of analyzing nanoscale phenomena as well as the continuum-based models for nanoscale heat and mass transport. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid/fluid boundary; solid/liquid interface; molecular dynamics; Lennard-Jones atoms solid/fluid boundary; solid/liquid interface; molecular dynamics; Lennard-Jones atoms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Noh, Y.; Vo, T.; Kim, B. Subatomic-Level Solid/Fluid Boundary of Lennard-Jones Atoms: A Molecular Dynamics Study of Metal-Inert Fluid Interface. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2439.

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