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Open AccessArticle

A Two-Stage Gradient Ascent-Based Superpixel Framework for Adaptive Segmentation

School of Aerospace Science and Technology, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(12), 2421; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9122421
Received: 22 April 2019 / Revised: 1 June 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Intelligent Imaging Technology)
Superpixel segmentation usually over-segments an image into fragments to extract regional features, thus linking up advanced computer vision tasks. In this work, a novel coarse-to-fine gradient ascent framework is proposed for superpixel-based color image adaptive segmentation. In the first stage, a speeded-up Simple Linear Iterative Clustering (sSLIC) method is adopted to generate uniform superpixels efficiently, which assumes that homogeneous regions preserve high consistence during clustering, consequently, much redundant computation for updating can be avoided. Then a simple criterion is introduced to evaluate the uniformity in each superpixel region, once a superpixel region is under-segmented, an adaptive marker-controlled watershed algorithm processes a finer subdivision. Experimental results show that the framework achieves better performance on detail-rich regions than previous superpixel approaches with satisfactory efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive segmentation; superpixel; watershed; coarse-to-fine adaptive segmentation; superpixel; watershed; coarse-to-fine
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He, W.; Li, C.; Guo, Y.; Wei, Z.; Guo, B. A Two-Stage Gradient Ascent-Based Superpixel Framework for Adaptive Segmentation. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2421.

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