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A Vision Servo System for Automated Harvest of Sweet Pepper in Korean Greenhouse Environment

1
Institute of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon-si 16419, Korea
2
Manufacturing Technology Center, LS Mtron, Gunpo-si 15845, Korea
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chungang University, Seoul-si 06974, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(12), 2395; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9122395
Received: 27 April 2019 / Revised: 5 June 2019 / Accepted: 8 June 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mechanical Engineering)
Recently, farmers of sweet pepper suffer from the increase of its unit production costs due to the rise of labor costs. The rise of unit production costs of sweet pepper, on the other hand, decreases its productivity and causes the lack of its farming expertise, thus resulting in the quality degradation of products. In this regard, it is necessary to introduce an automated robot harvest system into the farming of sweet pepper. In this study, the authors developed an image-based closed-loop control system (a vision servo system) and an automated sweet pepper harvesting robot system and then carried out experiments to verify its efficiency. The working area of the manipulator that detects products through an imaging sensor in the farming environment of sweet pepper, decides whether to harvest it or not, and then informs the location of the product to the control center, which is set up at the distance scope of 350~600 mm from the center of the system and 1000 mm vertically. In order to confirm the performance of the sweet pepper recognition in this study, 269 sweet pepper images were used to extract fruits. Of 269 sweet pepper images, 82.16% were recognized successfully. The harvesting experiment of the system developed in this study was carried out with 100 sweet peppers. The result of experiment with 100 sweet peppers presents the fact that its approach rate to peduncle is about 86.7%, and via four sessions of repetitive harvest experiment it achieves a maximal 70% harvest rate, and its average time of harvest is 51.1 s. View Full-Text
Keywords: sweet pepper harvesting automation; cylindrical robot; vision servo system; image processing-based; momentum backpropagation sweet pepper harvesting automation; cylindrical robot; vision servo system; image processing-based; momentum backpropagation
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Lee, B.; Kam, D.; Min, B.; Hwa, J.; Oh, S. A Vision Servo System for Automated Harvest of Sweet Pepper in Korean Greenhouse Environment. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2395.

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