Next Article in Journal
Investigation of the Influence of Splitter Blades on the Resonance Conditions of Impellers
Previous Article in Journal
Automatic Identification of Bridge Vortex-Induced Vibration Using Random Decrement Method
Article Menu
Issue 10 (May-2) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Experimental Modal Analysis of Hand–Arm Vibration in Golf: Influence of Grip Strength

1
Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Moulin de la Housse, 51687 Reims, France
2
Université de Mons, Place du parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium
3
Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, Centre Val de Loire, Laboratoire de Mécanique Gabriel Lamé EA.7494, 41000 Blois, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(10), 2050; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9102050
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mechanical Engineering)
  |  
PDF [1802 KB, uploaded 23 May 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Interest in the design of products that link performance and comfort is rapidly growing in the field of sport. To this end, the equipment industry is progressively shifting towards customization and it is focusing on man-machine interaction. The notion itself remains insufficiently studied by the scientific community. With regard to golf, several works conclude that vibrations that are perceived in the handle may be harmful and they have significant influence on comfort as well as performance. In that respect, the present paper investigates the effects of grip strength on three indicators of club dynamics: modal characteristics, overall vibratory levels, and vibration dose perceived by the club user, according to ISO 5349 standard. The study can be broken down into three steps. First, the experimental modal characteristics of a golf club are identified while using free-free, fixed-free, and grip-free (with three levels of grip strength) boundary conditions. Subsequently, a numerical model is developed and updated using experimental results. Finally, the root mean squared values and vibration dose transmitted to the hand-arm system after ball contact are extracted from the validated numerical model. View Full-Text
Keywords: golf; experimental modal analysis; finite element analysis; hand arm vibration golf; experimental modal analysis; finite element analysis; hand arm vibration
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chiementin, X.; Kouroussis, G.; Murer, S.; Serra, R. Experimental Modal Analysis of Hand–Arm Vibration in Golf: Influence of Grip Strength. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2050.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top