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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(4), 514; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8040514

Power to Fuels: Dynamic Modeling of a Slurry Bubble Column Reactor in Lab-Scale for Fischer Tropsch Synthesis under Variable Load of Synthesis Gas

1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
2
Engler-Bunte-Institut, Karlsruher Institute of Technology, Engler-Bunte- Ring 3, 76139 Karlsruhe, Germany
3
Institute of Chemical Engineering, Technical University of Vienna, Getreidemarket 9/166, 1060 Vienna, Austria
4
Institute Bioenergy 2020+, Wiener Strasse 49, 7540 Güssing, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 February 2018 / Revised: 24 March 2018 / Accepted: 25 March 2018 / Published: 28 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clean Energy and Fuel (Hydrogen) Storage)
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Abstract

This research developed a comprehensive computer model for a lab-scale Slurry Bubble Column Reactor (SBCR) (0.1 m Dt and 2.5 m height) for Fischer–Tropsch (FT) synthesis under flexible operation of synthesis gas load flow rates. The variable loads of synthesis gas are set at 3.5, 5, 7.5 m3/h based on laboratory adjustments at three different operating temperatures (483, 493 and 503 K). A set of Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) in the form of mass transfer and chemical reaction are successfully coupled to predict the behavior of all the FT components in two phases (gas and liquid) over the reactor bed. In the gas phase, a single-bubble-class-diameter (SBCD) is adopted and the reduction of superficial gas velocity through the reactor length is incorporated into the model by the overall mass balance. Anderson Schulz Flory distribution is employed for reaction kinetics. The modeling results are in good agreement with experimental data. The results of dynamic modeling show that the steady state condition is attained within 10 min from start-up. Furthermore, they show that step-wise syngas flow rate does not have a detrimental influence on FT product selectivity and the dynamic modeling of the slurry reactor responds quite well to the load change conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Power to Liquid; Fischer–Tropsch; dynamic modeling; lab-scale Power to Liquid; Fischer–Tropsch; dynamic modeling; lab-scale
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Seyednejadian, S.; Rauch, R.; Bensaid, S.; Hofbauer, H.; Weber, G.; Saracco, G. Power to Fuels: Dynamic Modeling of a Slurry Bubble Column Reactor in Lab-Scale for Fischer Tropsch Synthesis under Variable Load of Synthesis Gas. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 514.

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