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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(4), 515; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8040515

Defeat Your Enemy Hiding behind Public WiFi: WiGuard Can Protect Your Sensitive Information from CSI-Based Attack

1
School of Information Science and Technology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
2
School of Computing and Communications, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YX, UK
Extension of a conference paper: A preliminary version of this article entitled “Protect Sensitive Information Against Channel State Information Based Attacks” by J. Zhang et al. appeared in the International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering (CSE), 2017. The extended version makes the following additional contributions over the conference paper: (1) it provides a more detailed description of the attack; (2) it describes how the user uses WiGuard to protect sensitive information and gives the user a choice for the position and channel to optimize the system performance; (3) it provides new experimental results to evaluate the influence of the packet loss rate on the success rate and provides proof for the channel switch; (4) it adds a new experiment to evaluate the diversity of the attacker wireless transmitter; (5) it includes new results to compare the recognition results with and without channel interference.
Jie Zhang and Meng Li are co-first authors.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 February 2018 / Revised: 19 March 2018 / Accepted: 23 March 2018 / Published: 28 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Computer Science and Electrical Engineering)
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Abstract

Channel state information (CSI) has been recently shown to be useful in performing security attacks in public WiFi environments. By analyzing how CSI is affected by finger motions, CSI-based attacks can effectively reconstruct text-based passwords and locking patterns. This paper presents WiGuard, a novel system to protect sensitive on-screen input information in a public place. Our approach carefully exploits WiFi channel interference to introduce noise to attacker’s CSI measurements to reduce the success rate of CSI-based attacks. Our approach automatically detects when a CSI-based attack happens. We evaluate our approach by applying it to protect text-based passwords and pattern locks on mobile devices. Experimental results show that our approach is able to reduce the success rate of CSI-based attacks from 92–42% for text-based passwords and from 82–22% for pattern lock. View Full-Text
Keywords: CSI-based attack; channel interference; sensitive information protection CSI-based attack; channel interference; sensitive information protection
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhang, J.; Li, M.; Tang, Z.; Gong, X.; Wang, W.; Fang, D.; Wang, Z. Defeat Your Enemy Hiding behind Public WiFi: WiGuard Can Protect Your Sensitive Information from CSI-Based Attack. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 515.

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