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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 289;

Numerical Investigation into Effects of Viscous Flux Vectors on Hydrofoil Cavitation Flow and Its Radiated Flow Noise

School of Mechanical Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2017 / Revised: 26 January 2018 / Accepted: 11 February 2018 / Published: 15 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Underwater Acoustics, Communications and Information Processing)
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In this study, cavitation flow around a hydrofoil and its radiated hydro-acoustic fields were numerically investigated, with an emphasis on the effects of viscous flux vectors. The full three-dimensional unsteady compressible Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations were numerically solved. The mass transfer model was adopted to model phase changes between liquid water and vapor. To resolve the numerical instability problem arising from the rapid changes in local density and speed of sound of the mixture, the preconditioning and dual-time stepping methods were employed. The filter-based turbulent model was applied to resolve the unstable cavitation flow field more accurately. In splitting the viscous terms, three approaches for dealing with viscous flux vectors were considered: the so-called viscous lagging, full viscous, and thin-layer models. Radiated hydro-acoustic waves were predicted by applying the Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings equations. The effects of the viscous flux vectors on the predicted flow fields and its radiated noise were then examined by comparing the hydro-dynamic forces, velocity distribution, volume fraction, far-field sound directivities, and sound spectrum of the three approaches. The results revealed that the thin-layer model can provide predictions as accurate as the full viscous model, but required less computational time. View Full-Text
Keywords: cavitation; flow noise; hydro-acoustics; hydrofoils; viscous flux cavitation; flow noise; hydro-acoustics; hydrofoils; viscous flux

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Kim, S.; Cheong, C.; Park, W.-G. Numerical Investigation into Effects of Viscous Flux Vectors on Hydrofoil Cavitation Flow and Its Radiated Flow Noise. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 289.

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