Next Article in Journal
Investigation of Pear Drying Performance by Different Methods and Regression of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient with Support Vector Machine
Next Article in Special Issue
Object Tracking with LiDAR: Monitoring Taxiing and Landing Aircraft
Previous Article in Journal
P(VDF-TrFE) Film on PDMS Substrate for Energy Harvesting Applications
Previous Article in Special Issue
From Point Clouds to Building Information Models: 3D Semi-Automatic Reconstruction of Indoors of Existing Buildings
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 217;

Evaluation of Handheld Scanners for Automotive Applications

Princess Fatima Alnijiris’s Research Chair for Advanced Manufacturing Technology (FARCAMT Chair), Advanced Manufacturing Institute, King Saud University, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 25 January 2018 / Published: 31 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Scanning)
Full-Text   |   PDF [8158 KB, uploaded 31 January 2018]   |  


The process of generating a computerized geometric model for an existing part is known as Reverse Engineering (RE). It is a very useful technique in product development and plays a significant role in automotive, aerospace, and medical industries. In fact, it has been getting remarkable attention in manufacturing industries owing to its advanced data acquisition technologies. The process of RE is based on two primary steps: data acquisition (also known as scanning) and data processing. To facilitate point data acquisition, a variety of scanning systems is available with different capabilities and limitations. Although the optical control of 3D scanners is fully developed, still several factors can affect the quality of the scanned data. As a result, the proper selection of scanning parameters, such as resolution, laser power, shutter time, etc., becomes very crucial. This kind of investigation can be very helpful and provide its users with guidelines to identify the appropriate factors. Moreover, it is worth noting that no single system is ideal in all applications. Accordingly, this work has compared two portable (handheld) systems based on laser scanning and white light optical scanning for automotive applications. A car door containing a free-form surface has been used to achieve the above-mentioned goal. The design of experiments has been employed to determine the effects of different scanning parameters and optimize them. The capabilities and limitations have been identified by comparing the two scanners in terms of accuracy, scanning time, triangle numbers, ease of use, and portability. Then, the relationships between the system capabilities and the application requirements have been established. The results revealed that the laser scanner performed better than the white light scanner in terms of accuracy, while the white light scanner performed better in terms of acquisition speed and triangle numbers. View Full-Text
Keywords: reverse engineering; handheld scanners; laser scanning; white light scanning; design of experiment reverse engineering; handheld scanners; laser scanning; white light scanning; design of experiment

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ameen, W.; Al-Ahmari, A.M.; Hammad Mian, S. Evaluation of Handheld Scanners for Automotive Applications. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 217.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top