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Open AccessArticle

Remote Sensing of CDOM, CDOM Spectral Slope, and Dissolved Organic Carbon in the Global Ocean

1
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (USRA), Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
2
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
3
University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(12), 2687; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8122687
Received: 28 July 2018 / Revised: 27 October 2018 / Accepted: 27 October 2018 / Published: 19 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Outstanding Topics in Ocean Optics)
A Global Ocean Carbon Algorithm Database (GOCAD) has been developed from over 500 oceanographic field campaigns conducted worldwide over the past 30 years including in situ reflectances and coincident satellite imagery, multi- and hyperspectral Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) absorption coefficients from 245–715 nm, CDOM spectral slopes in eight visible and ultraviolet wavebands, dissolved and particulate organic carbon (DOC and POC, respectively), and inherent optical, physical, and biogeochemical properties. From field optical and radiometric data and satellite measurements, several semi-analytical, empirical, and machine learning algorithms for retrieving global DOC, CDOM, and CDOM slope were developed, optimized for global retrieval, and validated. Global climatologies of satellite-retrieved CDOM absorption coefficient and spectral slope based on the most robust of these algorithms lag seasonal patterns of phytoplankton biomass belying Case 1 assumptions, and track terrestrial runoff on ocean basin scales. Variability in satellite retrievals of CDOM absorption and spectral slope anomalies are tightly coupled to changes in atmospheric and oceanographic conditions associated with El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), strongly covary with the multivariate ENSO index in a large region of the tropical Pacific, and provide insights into the potential evolution and feedbacks related to sea surface dissolved carbon in a warming climate. Further validation of the DOC algorithm developed here is warranted to better characterize its limitations, particularly in mid-ocean gyres and the southern oceans. View Full-Text
Keywords: ocean color database; oceanic carbon; chromophoric dissolved organic matter; dissolved organic carbon; CDOM spectral slope; ocean color remote sensing; algorithm development; ocean color algorithm validation; ocean optics; CDOM climatology; CDOM and ENSO; machine learning ocean color database; oceanic carbon; chromophoric dissolved organic matter; dissolved organic carbon; CDOM spectral slope; ocean color remote sensing; algorithm development; ocean color algorithm validation; ocean optics; CDOM climatology; CDOM and ENSO; machine learning
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Aurin, D.; Mannino, A.; Lary, D.J. Remote Sensing of CDOM, CDOM Spectral Slope, and Dissolved Organic Carbon in the Global Ocean. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2687.

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