New Insights in the Ion Beam Sputtering Deposition of ZnO-Fluoropolymer Nanocomposites
AbstractSurface modification treatments able to confer antistain/antibacterial properties to natural or synthetic materials are receiving increasing attention among scientists. Ion beam co-sputtering (IBS) of zinc oxide (ZnO) and poly-tetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) targets allows for the preparation of novel multifunctional coatings composed of antimicrobial ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) finely dispersed in an antistain PTFE polymeric matrix. Remarkably, IBS has been proved to be successful in the controlled deposition of thin nanocoatings as an alternative to wet methods. Moreover, tuning IBS deposition parameters allows for the control of ZnONP loadings, thus modulating the antibacterial/antistain coating’s final properties. All the deposited coatings were fully characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in order to obtain information on the materials’ surface composition, with deep insight into the nanocoatings’ morphology as a function of the ZnONP loadings. An analysis of high-resolution XP spectra evidenced a high degree of polymer defluorination along with the formation of inorganic fluorides at increasing ZnO volume ratios. Hence, post-deposition treatments for fluorides removal, performed directly in the deposition chamber, were successfully developed and optimized. In this way, a complete stoichiometry for inorganic nanophases was obtained, allowing for the conversion of fluorides into ZnO. View Full-Text
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Sportelli, M.C.; Valentini, M.; Picca, R.A.; Milella, A.; Nacci, A.; Valentini, A.; Cioffi, N. New Insights in the Ion Beam Sputtering Deposition of ZnO-Fluoropolymer Nanocomposites. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 77.
Sportelli MC, Valentini M, Picca RA, Milella A, Nacci A, Valentini A, Cioffi N. New Insights in the Ion Beam Sputtering Deposition of ZnO-Fluoropolymer Nanocomposites. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(1):77.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sportelli, Maria C.; Valentini, Marco; Picca, Rosaria A.; Milella, Antonella; Nacci, Angelo; Valentini, Antonio; Cioffi, Nicola. 2018. "New Insights in the Ion Beam Sputtering Deposition of ZnO-Fluoropolymer Nanocomposites." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 1: 77.
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