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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Habitat Potential Mapping of Marten (Martes flavigula) and Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in South Korea Using Artificial Neural Network Machine Learning

1
Geological Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), 124, Gwahak-ro Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34132, Korea
2
Korea University of Science and Technology, 217 Gajeong-ro Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Korea
3
Department of Geoinformatics, University of Seoul, 163 Seoulsiripdaero, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02504, Korea
4
Center for Environmental Assessment Monitoring, Environmental Assessment Group, Korea Environment Institute (KEI), 370 Sicheong-daero, Sejong 30147, Korea
5
Department of Landscape Architecture, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungnam 31116, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(9), 912; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7090912
Received: 15 July 2017 / Revised: 18 August 2017 / Accepted: 31 August 2017 / Published: 5 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Artificial Neural Networks in Geoinformatics)
This study developed habitat potential maps for the marten (Martes flavigula) and leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in South Korea. Both species are registered on the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, which means that they need to be managed properly. Various factors influencing the habitat distributions of the marten and leopard were identified to create habitat potential maps, including elevation, slope, timber type and age, land cover, and distances from a forest stand, road, or drainage. A spatial database for each species was constructed by preprocessing Geographic Information System (GIS) data, and the spatial relationship between the distribution of leopard cats and environmental factors was analyzed using an artificial neural network (ANN) model. This process used half of the existing habitat location data for the marten and leopard cat for training. Habitat potential maps were then created considering the relationships. Using the remaining half of the habitat location data for each species, the model was validated. The results of the model were relatively successful, predicting approximately 85% for the marten and approximately 87% for the leopard cat. Therefore, the habitat potential maps can be used for monitoring the habitats of both species and managing these habitats effectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: habitat mapping; marten; leopard cat; ANN; South Korea habitat mapping; marten; leopard cat; ANN; South Korea
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Lee, S.; Lee, S.; Song, W.; Lee, M.-J. Habitat Potential Mapping of Marten (Martes flavigula) and Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in South Korea Using Artificial Neural Network Machine Learning. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 912.

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