Perfect Light Absorbers Made of Tungsten-Ceramic Membranes
AbstractPlasmonic materials are expanding their concept; in addition to noble metals that are good conductors even at optical frequencies and support surface plasmon polaritons at the interface, other metals and refractory materials are now being used as plasmonic materials. In terms of complex permittivity at optical frequencies, these new plasmonic materials are, though not ideal, quite good to support surface plasmons. Numerical investigations of the optical properties have been revealing new capabilities of the plasmonic materials. On the basis of the precise computations for electromagnetic waves in artificially designed nanostructures, in this article, we address membrane structures made of tungsten and silicon nitride that are a typical metal and ceramic, respectively, with high-temperature melting points. The membranes are applicable to low-power-consuming thermal emitters operating at and near the visible range. We numerically substantiate that the membranes serve as perfect light absorbers, in spite of the subwavelength thickness, that is, 200–250 nm thickness. Furthermore, we clarify that the underlying physical mechanism for the unconventional perfect absorption is ascribed to robust impedance matching at the interface between air and the membranes. View Full-Text
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Iwanaga, M. Perfect Light Absorbers Made of Tungsten-Ceramic Membranes. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 458.
Iwanaga M. Perfect Light Absorbers Made of Tungsten-Ceramic Membranes. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(5):458.Chicago/Turabian Style
Iwanaga, Masanobu. 2017. "Perfect Light Absorbers Made of Tungsten-Ceramic Membranes." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 5: 458.
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