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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(11), 1189; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7111189

Utilizing Downdraft Fixed Bed Reactor for Thermal Upgrading of Sewage Sludge as Fuel by Torrefaction

Department of Environmental Engineering, Kongju National University, 1223-24 Cheonan-Daero, Seobuk, Chungnam 330-717, Korea
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Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 13 November 2017 / Accepted: 15 November 2017 / Published: 18 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy 2018)
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Abstract

A lab-scale downdraft fixed bed reactor was used for the study of sewage sludge, a non-lignocellulosic biomass, torrefaction to enhance the thermochemical properties of sewage sludge. The torrefaction was carried out for a temperature range of 200–350 °C and a residence time of 0–50 min. Degree of torrefaction, torrefaction index, chemical exergy, gas analysis, and molar ratios were taken into account to analyze the torrefied product with respect to torrefaction temperature. The effect of torrefaction temperature was very pronounced and the temperature range of 250–300 °C was considered to be the optimum torrefaction temperature range for sewage sludge. Chemical exergy, calorific value and torrefaction index were significantly influenced by the change in the relative carbon content resulting in decrease of the O/C and H/C molar ratios. View Full-Text
Keywords: downdraft fixed bed; sewage sludge; degree of torrefaction; chemical exergy; higher heating value; O/C and H/C ratios; torrefaction index downdraft fixed bed; sewage sludge; degree of torrefaction; chemical exergy; higher heating value; O/C and H/C ratios; torrefaction index
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Karki, S.; Poudel, J.; Oh, S.C. Utilizing Downdraft Fixed Bed Reactor for Thermal Upgrading of Sewage Sludge as Fuel by Torrefaction. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1189.

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