This work used a porous approach model to numerically investigate the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics of the pin-fin heat-sink array in a rectangular channel with in-line arrangement. The air flow through the channel was laminar. The pin-fin heat sinks with various porosities and pin-fin numbers were employed. The relative center-to-center longitudinal and transverse distances between adjacent heat sinks were changed. The results indicate that the Nusselt number of various heat-sink arrays increased with decreasing the relative center-to-center transverse distance, but not varied with the relative center-to-center longitudinal distance. For the typical pin-fin heat-sink arrays, the Nusselt number changed slightly for the heat sinks with 0.358–0.556 porosity, but increased by 11.7%–24.8% when the porosity increased from 0.556 to 0.750, and then dropped obviously when the porosity exceeded 0.750. Increasing the number of pin fins continuously could increase Nusselt number. However, when the number of pin fins was large, the Nusselt number increased with the number of pin fins slowly. The present numerical simulation has been validated by the typical experiment. Finally, a semi-empirical correlation of Nusselt number for each heat sink in the heat-sink array was proposed.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited