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Review

Virtual Reality Rehabilitation and Exergames—Physical and Psychological Impact on Fall Prevention among the Elderly—A Literature Review

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 33-332 Krakow, Poland
2
Department of Rehabilitation, Lesser Poland Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Hospital, 30-224 Krakow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Youngho Lee and Elena Amaricai
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(9), 4098; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11094098
Received: 24 March 2021 / Revised: 15 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 30 April 2021
The present review is aimed at the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) and exergames in the prevention of falls among the elderly. Falls become a significant problem in the aging population and lead to psychological, social, and physical impairment. Prevention of falls is crucial to the well-being of the elderly population and is one of the challenges of contemporary rehabilitation. Recently, in view of the threat of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, contactless methods of rehabilitation, including telerehabilitation, appear as valuable rehabilitation tools. This review is based on the PRISMA guidelines and was carried out in five databases: PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and PEDro. Twenty-one randomized controlled trials, focused on the application of VR and exergames in the prevention of falls, were included. This review suggests that VR training in rehabilitation appears to be a promising complement to traditional techniques of physiotherapy to improve specific physical outcomes. VR and exergames could be considered as a complement of standard physiotherapy and its possible continuation at home for elderly. However, further high-quality studies, with carefully designed protocols and proper blinding, are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual reality; exergames; falls prevention; rehabilitation; elderly virtual reality; exergames; falls prevention; rehabilitation; elderly
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MDPI and ACS Style

Piech, J.; Czernicki, K. Virtual Reality Rehabilitation and Exergames—Physical and Psychological Impact on Fall Prevention among the Elderly—A Literature Review. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4098. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11094098

AMA Style

Piech J, Czernicki K. Virtual Reality Rehabilitation and Exergames—Physical and Psychological Impact on Fall Prevention among the Elderly—A Literature Review. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(9):4098. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11094098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Piech, Joanna, and Krzysztof Czernicki. 2021. "Virtual Reality Rehabilitation and Exergames—Physical and Psychological Impact on Fall Prevention among the Elderly—A Literature Review" Applied Sciences 11, no. 9: 4098. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11094098

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