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Development of Technological Capabilities through the Internet of Things (IoT): Survey of Opportunities and Barriers for IoT Implementation in Portugal’s Agro-Industry

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Deparment of Electromechanical Engineering, University of Beira Interior, Rua Marquês d’Ávila e Bolama, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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Centre for Mechanical and Aerospace Science and Technologies (C-MAST), Rua Marquês d’Ávila e Bolama, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, 6000-084 Castelo Branco, Portugal
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Instituto de Telecomunicações, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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InspiringSci, 6000-767 Castelo Branco, Portugal
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Evox, 6000-767 Castelo Branco, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luca Mazzoni
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(8), 3454; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083454
Received: 16 March 2021 / Revised: 8 April 2021 / Accepted: 9 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Agricultural Science and Technology)
The agro-industrial sector consumes a significant amount of natural resources for farming and meat production. By 2050, population growth is expected, generating more demand and, consequently, more consumption of scarce resources. This challenging scenario is a concern of the European Commission, revealed in the Green Deal commitment and by the United Nations’ 12th goal of sustainable development. Thus, organizations must increase productivity and be more sustainable as soon as possible. Internet of Things (IoT) is introduced as a solution to facilitate agro-food companies to be more eco-efficient, mainly facing difficulties on farms, such as food loss and waste, best efficiency in management of resources, and production. The deployment of this technology depends on the stage of maturity and potential of implementation. To assess and characterize companies, with respect of IoT implementation, a survey was applied in 21 micro, small and medium agro-food companies, belonging to milk, honey, olive oil, jams, fruticulture, bakery and pastry, meat, coffee, and wine sectors, in the central region of Portugal. As results, this paper reveals the stage of maturity, level of sophistication, potential, opportunities, solutions, and barriers for implementation of IoT. Additionally, suggestions and recommendations to improve practices are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: agro-food industry; IoT implementation; sustainable agriculture; smart farming; challenges and solutions; potential and barriers agro-food industry; IoT implementation; sustainable agriculture; smart farming; challenges and solutions; potential and barriers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gaspar, P.D.; Fernandez, C.M.; Soares, V.N.G.J.; Caldeira, J.M.L.P.; Silva, H. Development of Technological Capabilities through the Internet of Things (IoT): Survey of Opportunities and Barriers for IoT Implementation in Portugal’s Agro-Industry. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3454. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083454

AMA Style

Gaspar PD, Fernandez CM, Soares VNGJ, Caldeira JMLP, Silva H. Development of Technological Capabilities through the Internet of Things (IoT): Survey of Opportunities and Barriers for IoT Implementation in Portugal’s Agro-Industry. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(8):3454. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083454

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gaspar, Pedro D., Carlos M. Fernandez, Vasco N.G.J. Soares, João M.L.P. Caldeira, and Hélio Silva. 2021. "Development of Technological Capabilities through the Internet of Things (IoT): Survey of Opportunities and Barriers for IoT Implementation in Portugal’s Agro-Industry" Applied Sciences 11, no. 8: 3454. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083454

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