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Article

Check-Valve Design in Enhancing Aerodynamic Performance of Flapping Wings

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Department of Mechanical and Electromechanical Engineering, Tamkang University, Tamsui 251301, Taiwan
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai 600062, India
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School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
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Yuan Ze Fuel Cell Center, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan 32003, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hoon Cheol Park
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(8), 3416; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083416
Received: 8 March 2021 / Revised: 4 April 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 10 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioinspired Flight)
A flapping wing micro air vehicle (FWMAV) demands high lift and thrust generation for a desired payload. In view of this, the present work focuses on a novel way of enhancing the lift characteristics through integrating check-valves in the flapping wing membrane. Modal analysis and static analysis are performed to determine the natural frequency and deformation of the check-valve. Based on the inference, the check-valve opens and closes during the upstroke flapping and downstroke flapping, respectively. Wind tunnel experiments were conducted by considering the two cases of wing design, i.e., with and without a check-valve for various driving voltages, wind speeds and different inclined angles. A 20 cm-wingspan polyethylene terephthalate (PET) membrane wing with two check-valves, composed of central disc-cap with radius of 7.43 mm, supported by three S-beams, actuated by Evans mechanism to have 90° stroke angle, is considered for the 10 gf (gram force) FWMAV study. The aerodynamic performances, such as lift and net thrust for these two cases, are evaluated. The experimental result demonstrates that an average lift of 17 gf is generated for the case where check-valves are attached on the wing membrane to operate at 3.7 V input voltage, 30° inclined angle and 1.5 m/s wind speed. It is inferred that sufficient aerodynamic benefit with 68% of higher lift is attained for the wing membrane incorporated with check-valve. View Full-Text
Keywords: check-valve; flapping wing; high lift device check-valve; flapping wing; high lift device
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, L.-J.; Waikhom, R.; Wang, W.-C.; Jabaraj Joseph, V.; Esakki, B.; Kumar Unnam, N.; Li, X.-H.; Lee, C.-Y. Check-Valve Design in Enhancing Aerodynamic Performance of Flapping Wings. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3416. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083416

AMA Style

Yang L-J, Waikhom R, Wang W-C, Jabaraj Joseph V, Esakki B, Kumar Unnam N, Li X-H, Lee C-Y. Check-Valve Design in Enhancing Aerodynamic Performance of Flapping Wings. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(8):3416. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083416

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Lung-Jieh, Reshmi Waikhom, Wei-Chen Wang, Vivek Jabaraj Joseph, Balasubramanian Esakki, Neethish Kumar Unnam, Xiu-Han Li, and Chi-Yuan Lee. 2021. "Check-Valve Design in Enhancing Aerodynamic Performance of Flapping Wings" Applied Sciences 11, no. 8: 3416. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11083416

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