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Article

Quantitative Assessment of Shape Deformation of Regional Cranial Bone for Evaluation of Surgical Effect in Patients with Craniosynostosis

by 1, 1,* and 2,*
1
Department of Software Convergence, College of Interdisciplinary Studies for Emerging Industries, Seoul Women’s University, 621 Hwarang-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01797, Korea
2
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Craniofacial Reforming and Reconstruction Clinic, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Severance Children’s Hospital, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Bianconi
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(3), 990; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030990
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 15 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
Surgery in patients with craniosynostosis is a common treatment to correct the deformed skull shape, and it is necessary to verify the surgical effect of correction on the regional cranial bone. We propose a quantification method for evaluating surgical effects on regional cranial bones by comparing preoperative and postoperative skull shapes. To divide preoperative and postoperative skulls into two frontal bones, two parietal bones, and the occipital bone, and to estimate the shape deformation of regional cranial bones between the preoperative and postoperative skulls, an age-matched mean-normal skull surface model already divided into five bones is deformed into a preoperative skull, and a deformed mean-normal skull surface model is redeformed into a postoperative skull. To quantify the degree of the expansion and reduction of regional cranial bones after surgery, expansion and reduction indices of the five cranial bones are calculated using the deformable registration as deformation information. The proposed quantification method overcomes the quantification difficulty when using the traditional cephalic index(CI) by analyzing regional cranial bones and provides useful information for quantifying the surgical effects of craniosynostosis patients with symmetric and asymmetric deformities. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantification; surgical effect; craniosynostosis; regional cranial bone; morphological changes quantification; surgical effect; craniosynostosis; regional cranial bone; morphological changes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, M.J.; Hong, H.; Shim, K.W. Quantitative Assessment of Shape Deformation of Regional Cranial Bone for Evaluation of Surgical Effect in Patients with Craniosynostosis. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 990. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030990

AMA Style

Lee MJ, Hong H, Shim KW. Quantitative Assessment of Shape Deformation of Regional Cranial Bone for Evaluation of Surgical Effect in Patients with Craniosynostosis. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(3):990. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030990

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Min J., Helen Hong, and Kyu W. Shim 2021. "Quantitative Assessment of Shape Deformation of Regional Cranial Bone for Evaluation of Surgical Effect in Patients with Craniosynostosis" Applied Sciences 11, no. 3: 990. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030990

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