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Review

Internet of Nonthermal Food Processing Technologies (IoNTP): Food Industry 4.0 and Sustainability

1
Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, 11080 Zemun, Serbia
3
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
4
Green Extraction Team, INRAE, Avignon University, 84029 Avignon, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Suyong Lee
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(2), 686; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020686
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
With the introduction of Industry 4.0, and smart factories accordingly, there are new opportunities to implement elements of industry 4.0 in nonthermal processing. Moreover, with application of Internet of things (IoT), smart control of the process, big data optimization, as well as sustainable production and monitoring, there is a new era of Internet of nonthermal food processing technologies (IoNTP). Nonthermal technologies include high power ultrasound, pulsed electric fields, high voltage electrical discharge, high pressure processing, UV-LED, pulsed light, e-beam, and advanced thermal food processing techniques include microwave processing, ohmic heating and high-pressure homogenization. The aim of this review was to bring in front necessity to evaluate possibilities of implementing smart sensors, artificial intelligence (AI), big data, additive technologies with nonthermal technologies, with the possibility to create smart factories together with strong emphasis on sustainability. This paper brings an overview on digitalization, IoT, additive technologies (3D printing), cloud data storage and smart sensors including two SWOT analysis associated with IoNTPs and sustainability. It is of high importance to perform life cycle assessment (LCA), to quantify (En)—environmental dimension; (So)—social dimension and (Ec)—economic dimension. SWOT analysis showed: potential for energy saving during food processing; optimized overall environmental performance; lower manufacturing cost; development of eco-friendly products; higher level of health and safety during food processing and better work condition for workers. Nonthermal and advanced thermal technologies can be applied also as sustainable techniques working in line with the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and Agenda 2030 issued by United Nations (UN). View Full-Text
Keywords: nonthermal food processing technologies; Food Industry 4.0; sustainability; zero emission; sustainable development goals; SWOT analysis nonthermal food processing technologies; Food Industry 4.0; sustainability; zero emission; sustainable development goals; SWOT analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Režek Jambrak, A.; Nutrizio, M.; Djekić, I.; Pleslić, S.; Chemat, F. Internet of Nonthermal Food Processing Technologies (IoNTP): Food Industry 4.0 and Sustainability. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 686. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020686

AMA Style

Režek Jambrak A, Nutrizio M, Djekić I, Pleslić S, Chemat F. Internet of Nonthermal Food Processing Technologies (IoNTP): Food Industry 4.0 and Sustainability. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(2):686. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020686

Chicago/Turabian Style

Režek Jambrak, Anet, Marinela Nutrizio, Ilija Djekić, Sanda Pleslić, and Farid Chemat. 2021. "Internet of Nonthermal Food Processing Technologies (IoNTP): Food Industry 4.0 and Sustainability" Applied Sciences 11, no. 2: 686. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020686

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