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Review

Tailoring Alginate/Chitosan Microparticles Loaded with Chemical and Biological Agents for Agricultural Application and Production of Value-Added Foods

1
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska Cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, Ante Kovačića 1, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Laboratory for Sustainable Development, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva Ulica 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Valero
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(9), 4061; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11094061
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 23 April 2021 / Accepted: 28 April 2021 / Published: 29 April 2021
This work reviews the recent development of biopolymer-based delivery systems for agricultural application. Encapsulation into biopolymer microparticles ensures the protection and targeted delivery of active agents while offering controlled release with higher efficiency and environmental safety for ecological and sustainable plant production. Encapsulation of biological agents provides protection and increases its survivability while providing an environment safe for growth. The application of microparticles loaded with chemical and biological agents presents an innovative way to stimulate plant metabolites synthesis. This enhances plants’ defense against pests and pathogens and results in the production of higher quality food (i.e., higher plant metabolites share). Ionic gelation was presented as a sustainable method in developing biopolymeric microparticles based on the next-generation biopolymers alginate and chitosan. Furthermore, this review highlights the advantages and disadvantages of advanced formulations against conventional ones. The significance of plant metabolites stimulation and their importance in functional food production is also pointed out. This review offers guidelines in developing biopolymeric microparticles loaded with chemical and biological agents and guidelines for the application in plant production, underlining its effect on the plant metabolites synthesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: ionic gelation; sodium alginate; chitosan; plant secondary metabolites; functional foods; sustainability ionic gelation; sodium alginate; chitosan; plant secondary metabolites; functional foods; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jurić, S.; Jurić, M.; Režek Jambrak, A.; Vinceković, M. Tailoring Alginate/Chitosan Microparticles Loaded with Chemical and Biological Agents for Agricultural Application and Production of Value-Added Foods. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4061. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11094061

AMA Style

Jurić S, Jurić M, Režek Jambrak A, Vinceković M. Tailoring Alginate/Chitosan Microparticles Loaded with Chemical and Biological Agents for Agricultural Application and Production of Value-Added Foods. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(9):4061. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11094061

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jurić, Slaven, Marina Jurić, Anet Režek Jambrak, and Marko Vinceković. 2021. "Tailoring Alginate/Chitosan Microparticles Loaded with Chemical and Biological Agents for Agricultural Application and Production of Value-Added Foods" Applied Sciences 11, no. 9: 4061. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11094061

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