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Article

Diversity of Biodeteriorative Bacterial and Fungal Consortia in Winter and Summer on Historical Sandstone of the Northern Pergola, Museum of King John III’s Palace at Wilanow, Poland

1
Department of Geomicrobiology, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland
2
Research and Development for Life Sciences Ltd. (RDLS Ltd.), Miecznikowa 1/5a, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland
3
Laboratory of Environmental Analysis, Museum of King John III’s Palace at Wilanow, Stanislawa Kostki Potockiego 10/16, 02-958 Warsaw, Poland
4
Department of Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland
5
The Main School of Fire Service, Slowackiego 52/54, 01-629 Warsaw, Poland
6
Department of Plant Molecular Ecophysiology, Institute of Experimental Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(2), 620; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020620
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 28 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 10 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Biology to Cultural Heritage)
The aim of the presented investigation was to describe seasonal changes of microbial community composition in situ in different biocenoses on historical sandstone of the Northern Pergola in the Museum of King John III’s Palace at Wilanow (Poland). The microbial biodiversity was analyzed by the application of Illumina-based next-generation sequencing methods. The metabarcoding analysis allowed for detecting lichenized fungi taxa with the clear domination of two genera: Lecania and Rhinocladiella. It was also observed that, during winter, the richness of fungal communities increased in the biocenoses dominated by lichens and mosses. The metabarcoding analysis showed 34 bacterial genera, with a clear domination of Sphingomonas spp. across almost all biocenoses. Acidophilic bacteria from Acidobacteriaceae and Acetobacteraceae families were also identified, and the results showed that a significant number of bacterial strains isolated during the summer displayed the ability to acidification in contrast to strains isolated in winter, when a large number of isolates displayed alkalizing activity. Other bacteria capable of nitrogen fixation and hydrocarbon utilization (including aromatic hydrocarbons) as well as halophilic microorganisms were also found. The diversity of organisms in the biofilm ensures its stability throughout the year despite the differences recorded between winter and summer. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultural heritage; biodeterioration; biodiversity of microorganisms; stone surfaces; historical sandstone; next-generation sequencing cultural heritage; biodeterioration; biodiversity of microorganisms; stone surfaces; historical sandstone; next-generation sequencing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dyda, M.; Laudy, A.; Decewicz, P.; Romaniuk, K.; Ciezkowska, M.; Szajewska, A.; Solecka, D.; Dziewit, L.; Drewniak, L.; Skłodowska, A. Diversity of Biodeteriorative Bacterial and Fungal Consortia in Winter and Summer on Historical Sandstone of the Northern Pergola, Museum of King John III’s Palace at Wilanow, Poland. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 620. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020620

AMA Style

Dyda M, Laudy A, Decewicz P, Romaniuk K, Ciezkowska M, Szajewska A, Solecka D, Dziewit L, Drewniak L, Skłodowska A. Diversity of Biodeteriorative Bacterial and Fungal Consortia in Winter and Summer on Historical Sandstone of the Northern Pergola, Museum of King John III’s Palace at Wilanow, Poland. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(2):620. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020620

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dyda, Magdalena, Agnieszka Laudy, Przemyslaw Decewicz, Krzysztof Romaniuk, Martyna Ciezkowska, Anna Szajewska, Danuta Solecka, Lukasz Dziewit, Lukasz Drewniak, and Aleksandra Skłodowska. 2021. "Diversity of Biodeteriorative Bacterial and Fungal Consortia in Winter and Summer on Historical Sandstone of the Northern Pergola, Museum of King John III’s Palace at Wilanow, Poland" Applied Sciences 11, no. 2: 620. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020620

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