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Article

A Novel Adaptive Approach for Autonomous Vehicle Based on Optimization Technique for Enhancing the Communication between Autonomous Vehicle-to-Everything through Cooperative Communication

1
Basic and Applied Science Department, College of Engineering and Technology, Arab Academy for Science and Technology (AAST), Alexandria 1029, Egypt
2
Electrical and Control Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Technology, Arab Academy for Science and Technology (AAST), Alexandria 1029, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Guido
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(19), 9089; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199089
Received: 6 September 2021 / Revised: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 27 September 2021 / Published: 29 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Mobile Systems in Smart Vehicles and Smart Roads)
Recent autonomous intelligent transportation systems commonly adopt vehicular communication. Efficient communication between autonomous vehicles-to-everything (AV2X) is mandatory to ensure road safety by decreasing traffic jamming, approaching emergency vehicle warning, and assisting in low visibility traffic. In this paper, a new adaptive AV2X model, based on a novel optimization method to enhance the connectivity of the vehicular networks, is proposed. The presented model optimizes the inter-vehicle position to communicate with the autonomous vehicle (AV) or to relay information to everything. Based on the system quality-of-service (QoS) being achieved, a decision will be taken whether the transmitting AV communicates directly to the destination or through cooperative communication. To achieve the given objectives, the best position of the relay-vehicle issue was mathematically formulated as a constrained optimization problem to enhance the communication between AV2X under different environmental conditions. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed model, the following factors are considered: distribution of vehicles, vehicle density, vehicle mobility and speed. Simulation results show how the proposed model outperforms other previous models and enhances system performance in terms of four benchmark aspects: throughput (S), packet loss rate (PLR), packet delivery ratio (PDR) and average delivery latency (DL). View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomous vehicles; vehicular communication; vehicles-to-vehicles (V2V); vehicle-to-everything (V2X); cooperative communication; throughput; packet loss rate; packet delivery ratio; average delivery latency autonomous vehicles; vehicular communication; vehicles-to-vehicles (V2V); vehicle-to-everything (V2X); cooperative communication; throughput; packet loss rate; packet delivery ratio; average delivery latency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Osman, R.A.; Abdelsalam, A.K. A Novel Adaptive Approach for Autonomous Vehicle Based on Optimization Technique for Enhancing the Communication between Autonomous Vehicle-to-Everything through Cooperative Communication. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 9089. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199089

AMA Style

Osman RA, Abdelsalam AK. A Novel Adaptive Approach for Autonomous Vehicle Based on Optimization Technique for Enhancing the Communication between Autonomous Vehicle-to-Everything through Cooperative Communication. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(19):9089. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199089

Chicago/Turabian Style

Osman, Radwa A., and Ahmed K. Abdelsalam. 2021. "A Novel Adaptive Approach for Autonomous Vehicle Based on Optimization Technique for Enhancing the Communication between Autonomous Vehicle-to-Everything through Cooperative Communication" Applied Sciences 11, no. 19: 9089. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199089

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