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Article

Effects of Electrolyte Supplements on Body Water Homeostasis and Exercise Performance during Exhaustive Exercise

1
Department of Exercise Biochemistry, Korea National Sport University, Seoul 05541, Korea
2
Department of Exercise Training for Health Care & Management, Korea National Sport University, Seoul 05541, Korea
3
Department of Sport Science Institute, Korea National Sport University, Seoul 05541, Korea
4
Department of Physical Education, Korea National Sport University, Seoul 05541, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandra Durazzo
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(19), 9093; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199093
Received: 31 August 2021 / Revised: 23 September 2021 / Accepted: 26 September 2021 / Published: 29 September 2021
This study aimed to compare the physiologic effects of regular water consumption to those of electrolyte drink consumption in exercise capacity and recovery after exhaustive exercise. The participants were 10 healthy young men who exercised on a treadmill before and after receiving regular water and an electrolyte drink (3RINK) four weeks later. A 250-mL fluid volume was ingested 30 min before exercise and immediately after. Body composition, water metabolizing hormones, and body electrolytes were analyzed at rest (R), immediately after exercise (P0), and 1 h after exercise (P1). Moreover, serum lactic acid levels were measured to determine recovery. Total body water, intracellular, and extracellular water levels were higher after consuming 3RINK at P0 than at R. There was no interaction effect between the types of fluids and antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and renin levels. Hematocrit levels showed an interaction effect between the type of fluid and period. Sodium levels were significantly different between the different types of fluids at P0 and P1. Finally, an interaction effect was noted between each type of fluid and serum lactate levels. Thus, 3RINK intake before and after exhaustive exercise increased body capacity to retain water, improved exercise ability, and reduced exercise-related fatigue. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; electrolyte; body water homeostasis; antidiuretic hormone exercise; electrolyte; body water homeostasis; antidiuretic hormone
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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, D.-H.; Cho, J.-Y.; Koo, J.-H.; Kim, T.-K. Effects of Electrolyte Supplements on Body Water Homeostasis and Exercise Performance during Exhaustive Exercise. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 9093. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199093

AMA Style

Choi D-H, Cho J-Y, Koo J-H, Kim T-K. Effects of Electrolyte Supplements on Body Water Homeostasis and Exercise Performance during Exhaustive Exercise. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(19):9093. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199093

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Dong-Hun, Joon-Yong Cho, Jung-Hoon Koo, and Tae-Kyung Kim. 2021. "Effects of Electrolyte Supplements on Body Water Homeostasis and Exercise Performance during Exhaustive Exercise" Applied Sciences 11, no. 19: 9093. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11199093

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