Next Article in Journal
The Impact of Earthquakes on Apartment Owners and Renters in Te Whanganui-a-Tara (Wellington) Aotearoa New Zealand
Next Article in Special Issue
Radon Levels of Water Sources in the Southwest Coastal Region of Peninsular Malaysia
Previous Article in Journal
Quantitative Evaluation of the Clinical Evolution of Traumatic Onycholysis after Laser Treatment
Previous Article in Special Issue
Gamma Ray Shielding Properties of Yb3+-Doped Calcium Borotellurite Glasses
Review

Dose Calculation Algorithms for External Radiation Therapy: An Overview for Practitioners

1
Post Graduate School in Medical Physics, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
2
Unit of Medical Physics and Radioprotection, A.O.U Policlinico Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
3
Biophysics Department, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
4
Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging, National Research Council (CNR), 80145 Naples, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors share senior authorship.
Academic Editors: Chang Ming Charlie Ma, Vittoria D’Avino and Mariagabriella Pugliese
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(15), 6806; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156806
Received: 18 June 2021 / Revised: 21 July 2021 / Accepted: 22 July 2021 / Published: 24 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radiation Protection in Clinical and Environmental Setting)
Radiation therapy (RT) is a constantly evolving therapeutic technique; improvements are continuously being introduced for both methodological and practical aspects. Among the features that have undergone a huge evolution in recent decades, dose calculation algorithms are still rapidly changing. This process is propelled by the awareness that the agreement between the delivered and calculated doses is of paramount relevance in RT, since it could largely affect clinical outcomes. The aim of this work is to provide an overall picture of the main dose calculation algorithms currently used in RT, summarizing their underlying physical models and mathematical bases, and highlighting their strengths and weaknesses, referring to the most recent studies on algorithm comparisons. This handy guide is meant to provide a clear and concise overview of the topic, which will prove useful in helping clinical medical physicists to perform their responsibilities more effectively and efficiently, increasing patient benefits and improving the overall quality of the management of radiation treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: radiation therapy; calculation algorithm; treatment planning system radiation therapy; calculation algorithm; treatment planning system
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

De Martino, F.; Clemente, S.; Graeff, C.; Palma, G.; Cella, L. Dose Calculation Algorithms for External Radiation Therapy: An Overview for Practitioners. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 6806. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156806

AMA Style

De Martino F, Clemente S, Graeff C, Palma G, Cella L. Dose Calculation Algorithms for External Radiation Therapy: An Overview for Practitioners. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(15):6806. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156806

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Martino, Fortuna, Stefania Clemente, Christian Graeff, Giuseppe Palma, and Laura Cella. 2021. "Dose Calculation Algorithms for External Radiation Therapy: An Overview for Practitioners" Applied Sciences 11, no. 15: 6806. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156806

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop