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Unexpected Ferromagnetism—A Review

Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 011061 Bucharest, Romania
National Institute of Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics (NILPRP), 077125 Magurele, Romania
Research Institute of the University of Bucharest—ICUB, University of Bucharest, 050657 Bucharest, Romania
Academy of Romanian Scientists, Ilfov No. 3, 50044 Bucharest, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Costica Caizer
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(15), 6707;
Received: 1 June 2021 / Revised: 13 July 2021 / Accepted: 18 July 2021 / Published: 21 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano- and Biomagnetism)
The study of magnetism in materials without partially filled d or f bands has gained much attention in the past years. Even though it has challenged the understanding of traditional magnetism, there is a wide range of studies debating the nature of magnetism in such materials. Theories on whether the exhibited ferromagnetic behavior is due to sample impurities or intrinsic structural defects have been published throughout the years. Materials such as hexaborides, non-magnetic oxides, and carbon nanostructures have been of great interest due to their potential applications. For a better understanding, herein, we present a literature review combining past and up-to-date studies on these materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: d0 magnetism; room temperature ferromagnetism; alkaline-earth hexaborides; non-magnetic oxides; carbon nanostructures d0 magnetism; room temperature ferromagnetism; alkaline-earth hexaborides; non-magnetic oxides; carbon nanostructures
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lungu, I.I.; Grumezescu, A.M.; Fleaca, C. Unexpected Ferromagnetism—A Review. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 6707.

AMA Style

Lungu II, Grumezescu AM, Fleaca C. Unexpected Ferromagnetism—A Review. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(15):6707.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lungu, Iulia I., Alexandru M. Grumezescu, and Claudiu Fleaca. 2021. "Unexpected Ferromagnetism—A Review" Applied Sciences 11, no. 15: 6707.

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