Next Article in Journal
Serious Game as Support for the Development of Computational Thinking for Children with Hearing Impairment
Previous Article in Journal
Risk Assessment of Large-Scale Infrastructure Projects—Assumptions and Context
Open AccessArticle

Hypersensitized Metamaterials Based on a Corona-Shaped Resonator for Efficient Detection of Glucose

1
School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
Physics Department, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani 46001, Iraq
3
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, Koya 44023, Iraq
4
Department of Computer Engineering Bozok University, 66200 Yozgat, Turkey
5
Department of Communication Engineering, Sulimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani 46001, Iraq
6
Department of Electrical and Electronics, Iskenderun Technical University, 31100 Hatay, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(1), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11010103
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 18 December 2020 / Published: 24 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications to Biophysics and Medical Physics)
In this work, a new design for a real-time noninvasive metamaterial sensor, based on a corona-shaped resonator, is proposed. The sensor was designed numerically and fabricated experimentally in order to be utilized for efficient detection of glucose in aqueous solutions such as water and blood. The sensor was inspired by a corona in-plane-shaped design with the presumption that its circular structure might produce a broader interaction of the electromagnetic waves with the glucose samples. A clear shift in the resonance frequency was observed for various glucose samples, which implies that the proposed sensor has a good sensitivity and can be easily utilized to distinguish any glucose concentration, even though their dielectric coefficients are close. Results showed a superior performance in terms of resonance frequency shift (1.51 GHz) and quality factor (246) compared to those reported in the literature. The transmission variation level |S21| was investigated for glucose concentration in both water and blood. The sensing mechanism was elaborated through the surface current, electric field and magnetic field distributions on the corona resonator. The proposed metamaterials sensor is considered to be a promising candidate for biosensor and medicine applications in human glycaemia monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: corona-shaped resonator; metamaterial sensor; dielectric characteristic; glucose concentration corona-shaped resonator; metamaterial sensor; dielectric characteristic; glucose concentration
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Abdulkarim, Y.I.; Muhammadsharif, F.F.; Bakır, M.; Awl, H.N.; Karaaslan, M.; Deng, L.; Huang, S. Hypersensitized Metamaterials Based on a Corona-Shaped Resonator for Efficient Detection of Glucose. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 103. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11010103

AMA Style

Abdulkarim YI, Muhammadsharif FF, Bakır M, Awl HN, Karaaslan M, Deng L, Huang S. Hypersensitized Metamaterials Based on a Corona-Shaped Resonator for Efficient Detection of Glucose. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(1):103. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11010103

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdulkarim, Yadgar I.; Muhammadsharif, Fahmi F.; Bakır, Mehmet; Awl, Halgurd N.; Karaaslan, Muharrem; Deng, Lianwen; Huang, Shengxiang. 2021. "Hypersensitized Metamaterials Based on a Corona-Shaped Resonator for Efficient Detection of Glucose" Appl. Sci. 11, no. 1: 103. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11010103

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop