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Open AccessArticle

Behavior of Different Grafting Strategies Using Automated Technology for Splice Grafting Technique

1
Department of Engineering, University of Almería, CIMEDES Research Centre, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence (CeiA3), La Cañada de San Urbano, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Tecnova, Technological Centre: Foundation for Auxiliary Technologies in Agriculture, Almería Technology Park, Avda. Innovation, 23, 04131 Almería, Spain
3
INRAE, Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, UMR 1355-7254 Institut Sophia Agrobiotech, 06900 Sophia Antipolis, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(8), 2745; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10082745
Received: 16 March 2020 / Revised: 12 April 2020 / Accepted: 13 April 2020 / Published: 16 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied Agri-Technologies)
Even though the splicing graft technique is relatively recent, it has become the most commonly used grafting method for solanaceae, and in particular, for tomato. Today, almost everyone has standardized the use of plastic or silicone grafting clips, equipped with manipulating wings and a frontal opening, to ensure proper bonding and allow for wound healing. Numerous factors influence the success or failure of the grafting process, factors such as the seedling varieties combined, climatic conditions, pre-graft and post-graft care, cutting point, cutting angle, pressure of the clips, blade edge, or substrate water content, among others. In this work, several alternatives in the graft assembly and coupling protocol were evaluated. Having studied the different working alternatives for grafting using a robotic system, two modes of joining order were analyzed. It has been shown that there are 20% more recorded successes if one first joins the graft seedlings and then places the grafting clip to guarantee their union. In addition, we studied the different orientation alternatives for the cutting line and the seedling union with respect to the clip opening—there were approximately 10% more successes obtained in grafts where the splice-union cutting line between the two plants faced the clip opening. View Full-Text
Keywords: tomato grafting; splice-grafting technique; agricultural robot; automated grafting; agricultural machinery; grafting clips; tube grafting; slant-cut grafting; Japanese top grafting tomato grafting; splice-grafting technique; agricultural robot; automated grafting; agricultural machinery; grafting clips; tube grafting; slant-cut grafting; Japanese top grafting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pardo-Alonso, J.-L.; Carreño-Ortega, Á.; Martínez-Gaitán, C.-C.; Fatnassi, H. Behavior of Different Grafting Strategies Using Automated Technology for Splice Grafting Technique. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 2745. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10082745

AMA Style

Pardo-Alonso J-L, Carreño-Ortega Á, Martínez-Gaitán C-C, Fatnassi H. Behavior of Different Grafting Strategies Using Automated Technology for Splice Grafting Technique. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(8):2745. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10082745

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pardo-Alonso, José-Luis; Carreño-Ortega, Ángel; Martínez-Gaitán, Carolina-Clara; Fatnassi, Hicham. 2020. "Behavior of Different Grafting Strategies Using Automated Technology for Splice Grafting Technique" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 8: 2745. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10082745

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