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Article

Investigation and Enhancement of the Detectability of Flaws with a Coarse Measuring Grid and Air Coupled Ultrasound for NDT of Panel Materials Using the Re-Radiation Method

1
Institute of Dynamic and Vibration Research, Leibniz University of Hannover, 30167 Hannover, Germany
2
Fagus-GreCon Greten GmbH & Co. KG, 31061 Alfeld, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 1155; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10031155
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 3 February 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 8 February 2020
Non-destructive ultrasonic testing is utilized widely by industries for quality assurance. For sensitive materials or surfaces, non-contact, non-destructive testing methods are in demand. The air-coupled ultrasound (ACU) is one possible solution. This can be used to investigate large, panel-like objects for delaminations and other flaws. For a high detectability, fine measurement grids are required (typically < λ is used), which results in extremely long data acquisition times that are only practicable for laboratory applications. This paper aimed at reducing the required measurement grid points for obtaining high detectability evaluations. The novel method presented in this paper allows a measurement grid that is much coarser than the resulting grid. The method combines a software refinement of the measured data with the Rayleigh–Sommerfeld diffraction integral for the calculation of the pressure distribution on the object’s surface. This result allows the precise prediction of delaminations and flaws in the tested object. The presented method shows a decrease in the total investigation time by up to 98%. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rayleigh; Sommerfeld; diffraction integral; NDT; non-destructive testing; air coupled ultrasound; flaw detection; resolution enhancement Rayleigh; Sommerfeld; diffraction integral; NDT; non-destructive testing; air coupled ultrasound; flaw detection; resolution enhancement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schmelt, A.S.; Marhenke, T.; Hasener, J.; Twiefel, J. Investigation and Enhancement of the Detectability of Flaws with a Coarse Measuring Grid and Air Coupled Ultrasound for NDT of Panel Materials Using the Re-Radiation Method. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10031155

AMA Style

Schmelt AS, Marhenke T, Hasener J, Twiefel J. Investigation and Enhancement of the Detectability of Flaws with a Coarse Measuring Grid and Air Coupled Ultrasound for NDT of Panel Materials Using the Re-Radiation Method. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(3):1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10031155

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schmelt, Andreas S., Torben Marhenke, Jörg Hasener, and Jens Twiefel. 2020. "Investigation and Enhancement of the Detectability of Flaws with a Coarse Measuring Grid and Air Coupled Ultrasound for NDT of Panel Materials Using the Re-Radiation Method" Applied Sciences 10, no. 3: 1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10031155

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