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Sport-Specific Habitual Adaptations in Neck Kinesthetic Functions Are Related to Balance Controlling Mechanisms

1
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(24), 8965; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248965
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 12 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering)
Whilst the importance of trunk, lower and upper extremities for the efficiency of maintaining body sway is well documented, the effects of cervical spine function have been seldom investigated. Afferent information from high density proprioceptors located in the cervical spine can alter postural balance, however the effects of sport’s specific habitual adaptation on balance performance have not yet been investigated. Twenty-seven taekwondo fighters and thirty controls performed unilateral balance tasks while facing forward and during neck torsion balance test while standing on the force plate. Neck kinesthesia was measured with the Head-to-Neutral Relocation test and the Butterfly test with motion-inertial unit. Differences between balance tasks were analyzed using two-way ANOVA. Additionally, correlations between body sway parameters and neck kinesthesia were studied using Pearson correlation coefficient. No differences were found between forward facing and neck torsion balance tasks in taekwondo fighters. However, correlations were found between balance on the non-preferred leg and neck kinesthesia. On the contrary, healthy individuals presented with statistically significant differences between both balance tasks and correlations between balance and neck kinesthesia. Taekwondo fighters seem to present with habitual adaptations in balance control, that differ from non-trained individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: neck proprioception; body sway; postural balance neck proprioception; body sway; postural balance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Majcen Rosker, Z.; Vodicar, M. Sport-Specific Habitual Adaptations in Neck Kinesthetic Functions Are Related to Balance Controlling Mechanisms. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 8965. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248965

AMA Style

Majcen Rosker Z, Vodicar M. Sport-Specific Habitual Adaptations in Neck Kinesthetic Functions Are Related to Balance Controlling Mechanisms. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(24):8965. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248965

Chicago/Turabian Style

Majcen Rosker, Ziva, and Miha Vodicar. 2020. "Sport-Specific Habitual Adaptations in Neck Kinesthetic Functions Are Related to Balance Controlling Mechanisms" Applied Sciences 10, no. 24: 8965. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10248965

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