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Review

A Review of Recent Developments and Advances in Eco-Friendly Geopolymer Concrete

1
Department of Civil Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering and Digital Sciences, Nazarbayev University, Nur-Sultan 010000, Kazakhstan
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Ghent University, B-9052 Gent, Belgium
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(21), 7838; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217838
Received: 25 August 2020 / Revised: 20 October 2020 / Accepted: 23 October 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Concrete for a Better Sustainable Environment II)
The emission of CO2 and energy requirement in the production of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) causes the continuous depletion of ozone layer and global warming. The introduction of geopolymer concrete (GPC) technology in the construction industry leads to sustainable development and cleaner environment by reducing environmental pollution. In this article, constituents of GPC and their influence on properties of GPC has been reviewed critically. Fresh and hardened properties of GPC as well as the factors influencing these properties are discussed in detail. Flow charts have been proposed to show which factors have higher/lower impact on the fresh and hardened properties of GPC. A comprehensive review on the mix design of GPC, nanomaterial-based GPC, 3D printing using GPC, reinforced GPC and Global warming potential (GWP) assessment was conducted. Finally, the practical applications of GPC in the construction industry are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminosilicates; activators geopolymer concrete (GPC); geopolymer OPC concrete; Global warming potential (GWP); mix design; reinforced geopolymer concrete; graphene-based GPC; 3D printing aluminosilicates; activators geopolymer concrete (GPC); geopolymer OPC concrete; Global warming potential (GWP); mix design; reinforced geopolymer concrete; graphene-based GPC; 3D printing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Imtiaz, L.; Rehman, S.K.U.; Ali Memon, S.; Khizar Khan, M.; Faisal Javed, M. A Review of Recent Developments and Advances in Eco-Friendly Geopolymer Concrete. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 7838. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217838

AMA Style

Imtiaz L, Rehman SKU, Ali Memon S, Khizar Khan M, Faisal Javed M. A Review of Recent Developments and Advances in Eco-Friendly Geopolymer Concrete. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(21):7838. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217838

Chicago/Turabian Style

Imtiaz, Lahiba, Sardar K.U. Rehman, Shazim Ali Memon, Muhammad Khizar Khan, and Muhammad Faisal Javed. 2020. "A Review of Recent Developments and Advances in Eco-Friendly Geopolymer Concrete" Applied Sciences 10, no. 21: 7838. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217838

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