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Article

Life Cycle Engineering 4.0: A Proposal to Conceive Manufacturing Systems for Industry 4.0 Centred on the Human Factor (DfHFinI4.0)

1
Design Engineering Department, University of Seville, Polytechnic School, 41011 Seville, Spain
2
Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design Department, University of Cádiz, Avenida de la Universidad nº 10, 11519 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(13), 4442; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10134442
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 25 June 2020 / Published: 27 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Industry 4.0 Technologies and Applications)
Engineering 4.0 environments are characterised by the digitisation, virtualisation, and connectivity of products, processes, and facilities composed of reconfigurable and adaptive socio-technical cyber-physical manufacturing systems (SCMS), in which Operator 4.0 works in real time in VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous) contexts and markets. This situation gives rise to the interest in developing a framework for the conception of SCMS that allows the integration of the human factor, management, training, and development of the competencies of Operator 4.0 as fundamental aspects of the aforementioned system. The present paper is focused on answering how to conceive the adaptive manufacturing systems of Industry 4.0 through the operation, growth, and development of human talent in VUCA contexts. With this objective, exploratory research is carried, out whose contribution is specified in a framework called Design for the Human Factor in Industry 4.0 (DfHFinI4.0). From among the conceptual frameworks employed therein, the connectivist paradigm, Ashby’s law of requisite variety and Vigotsky’s activity theory are taken into consideration, in order to enable the affective-cognitive and timeless integration of the human factor within the SCMS. DfHFinI4.0 can be integrated into the life cycle engineering of the enterprise reference architectures, thereby obtaining manufacturing systems for Industry 4.0 focused on the human factor. The suggested framework is illustrated as a case study for the Purdue Enterprise Reference Architecture (PERA) methodology, which transforms it into PERA 4.0. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle; knowledge- and technology-intensive industry (KTI); manufacturing; VUCA; key enabling technology (KET); Operator 4.0; cyber-physical system (CPS); DfHFinI4.0; PERA 4.0 life cycle; knowledge- and technology-intensive industry (KTI); manufacturing; VUCA; key enabling technology (KET); Operator 4.0; cyber-physical system (CPS); DfHFinI4.0; PERA 4.0
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MDPI and ACS Style

Suarez-Fernandez de Miranda, S.; Aguayo-González, F.; Salguero-Gómez, J.; Ávila-Gutiérrez, M.J. Life Cycle Engineering 4.0: A Proposal to Conceive Manufacturing Systems for Industry 4.0 Centred on the Human Factor (DfHFinI4.0). Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 4442. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10134442

AMA Style

Suarez-Fernandez de Miranda S, Aguayo-González F, Salguero-Gómez J, Ávila-Gutiérrez MJ. Life Cycle Engineering 4.0: A Proposal to Conceive Manufacturing Systems for Industry 4.0 Centred on the Human Factor (DfHFinI4.0). Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(13):4442. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10134442

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suarez-Fernandez de Miranda, Susana, Francisco Aguayo-González, Jorge Salguero-Gómez, and María J. Ávila-Gutiérrez. 2020. "Life Cycle Engineering 4.0: A Proposal to Conceive Manufacturing Systems for Industry 4.0 Centred on the Human Factor (DfHFinI4.0)" Applied Sciences 10, no. 13: 4442. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10134442

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