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Open AccessArticle

Drying Performance and Aflatoxin Content of Paddy Rice Applying an Inflatable Solar Dryer in Burkina Faso

1
Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Tropics and Subtropics Group (440e), University of Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Laboratory of Biotechnology in Food and Nutritional Sciences, Research Center in Biological Food and Nutritional Sciences (CRSBAN), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Research and Training Unit in Life and Earth Sciences, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 P.O. Box 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(10), 3533; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10103533
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy in Agriculture)
The drying performance of paddy rice using an inflatable solar dryer (ISD), or also known as GrainPro® Solar Bubble Dryer™, was evaluated and compared to conventional sun drying in Burkina Faso. Drying time was around eight hours. Thermal imaging was conducted to observe temperature distribution in the ISD during drying and mixing. Shadow casting was observed in the ISD due to the round shape of the black plastic film, which reduced the temperature of the paddy rice to about 10 °C. The temperature inside the ISD was up to 13 °C higher than the ambient temperature, whereas the temperature of paddy rice on the top layer was about 5 °C higher than on the bottom. The final moisture content of paddy rice dried in the ISD and under the sun was not considerably different. Under certain circumstances, impurities in paddy rice dried in the ISD could be substantially lower than for sun drying. The aflatoxin level of paddy rice was under the maximum limit of the EU regulation. Drying paddy rice seemed to be effective to remove aflatoxin type AFG2 content. Further adaptation of the ISD design for drying operations on rough surfaces and sandy soils is suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: contamination; electricity; photovoltaic; product quality; radiation; solar heating contamination; electricity; photovoltaic; product quality; radiation; solar heating
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MDPI and ACS Style

Romuli, S.; Schock, S.; Somda, M.K.; Müller, J. Drying Performance and Aflatoxin Content of Paddy Rice Applying an Inflatable Solar Dryer in Burkina Faso. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 3533.

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