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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Bioremediation Methods for the Recovery of Lead-Contaminated Soils: A Review

Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Torino, Via Pietro Giuria 5, 10125 Torino, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(10), 3528;
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 14 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Bioremediation of Wastewaters and Contaminated Soils II)
Currently, the pollution of soils by heavy metals is a problem of paramount relevance and requires the development of proper remediation techniques. In particular, lead is a frequently detected soil contaminant that poses adverse effects to the environment and human health. In this review, we provide an overview of the bioremediation treatments promoted by plants (phytoremediation), fungi, or bacteria that could be applied to areas polluted by lead. These restoration processes have the advantage of being environmentally friendly and cost-effective solutions that exploit plants to immobilize and extract contaminants from soil and water, and fungi and bacteria to degrade them. Phytoremediation is an extensively studied and mature practice, with many in-the-field applications where numerous plant species have been employed. In contrast, bioremediation processes promoted by fungi and bacteria are very promising but, up to now, studies have been mostly performed at a laboratory scale with only a few implementations in real-world situations; therefore, further research is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: contaminated soil; lead pollution; phytoremediation; biosorption; biomineralization contaminated soil; lead pollution; phytoremediation; biosorption; biomineralization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rigoletto, M.; Calza, P.; Gaggero, E.; Malandrino, M.; Fabbri, D. Bioremediation Methods for the Recovery of Lead-Contaminated Soils: A Review. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 3528.

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