Next Article in Journal
Managing the Complexity through New Forms of Financial Reporting: A Multiple Case Study on Italian Public Museums
Next Article in Special Issue
Tracking Sustainability Targets with Quantitative Indicator Systems for Performance Measurement of Industrial Symbiosis in Industrial Parks
Previous Article in Journal
An Exploratory Study of Types of Innovation in US Foundations
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Call to Integrate Economic, Social and Environmental Motives into Guidance for Business Support for the Transition to a Circular Economy
Open AccessArticle

Life Cycle Approaches for the Environmental Impact Assessment of Organizations: Defining the State of the Art

1
Aptar Italia S.p.A, Via Po 49, San Giovanni Teatino, 66020 Chieti, Italy
2
Department of Economic Studies, University “G. d’Annunzio”, Viale Pindaro 42, 65127 Pescara, Italy
3
Department of Legal and Social Sciences, University “G. d’Annunzio”, Viale Pindaro 42, 65127 Pescara, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9040094
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 6 December 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industrial Ecology and Innovation)
Organizations play a key role in reducing anthropogenic pressure on the natural environment. The first step towards improving their sustainability performances is the implementation of methodologies that take into consideration multiple environmental impact categories, as well as the entire value chain. The attention of scholars and practitioners was initially addressed to the analysis of products and processes, yet in a few cases in which they were addressed, the approaches used for organizations had a limited scope and range of use. Only in recent years have they been framed in a life cycle perspective. This article analyzes two recent life cycle-based methodologies that have their focus on the organization, namely Organization Environmental Footprint (OEF) and Organizational Life Cycle Assessment (O-LCA). The goal is to define the state of the art of their methodological and current application developments and consider the relevance that these methodologies can have, both in terms of internal and external commitment (e.g., for the supply chain actors) and of reporting and communication requirements. The research was carried out starting from scientific databases, integrating technical legislation and secondary literature. The results obtained allowed tracing the first evolutionary trends, identifying the main authors and scientific journals and highlighting the relevant issues according to the researchers. A content and bibliometric analysis was performed that included all the contributions published so far. Projects and case studies that practically applied the two methodologies were also identified and analyzed. Finally, the main differences between the two methodologies were highlighted and future developments were hypothesized. View Full-Text
Keywords: Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF); organizational life cycle assessment (O-LCA); ISO/TS 14072 Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF); organizational life cycle assessment (O-LCA); ISO/TS 14072
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rimano, M.; Simboli, A.; Taddeo, R.; Raggi, A. Life Cycle Approaches for the Environmental Impact Assessment of Organizations: Defining the State of the Art. Adm. Sci. 2019, 9, 94.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop