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Article

Self-Leadership and Psychological Capital as Key Cognitive Resources for Shaping Health-Protective Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
School of Health Sciences, Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD 21801, USA
2
Department of Management, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
3
Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Adm. Sci. 2021, 11(2), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci11020041
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 7 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Self-Leadership)
As COVID-19 has become a global pandemic, health researchers and practitioners have focused attention on identifying the factors that may help to shape health-protective behaviors, protecting individual health and well-being, and helping to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. This study explores the potential role of self-leadership and psychological capital (PsyCap) as key cognitive resources for shaping health-protective behaviors. Using multiple theoretical frameworks (social cognitive theory, psychological resources theory, and the health belief model), this paper develops and tests a hypothesized serial mediation model in which PsyCap and coping self-efficacy mediate the relationship between self-leadership and health-protective behaviors including hand washing, wearing face masks, and social distancing. Results suggest that PsyCap and coping self-efficacy mediate the positive relationship between self-leadership and health-protective behaviors. These results yield valuable insights regarding the usefulness of self-leadership and PsyCap as cognitive resources for shaping health-protective behaviors and for possible self-leadership and PsyCap interventions, potentially tailored to at-risk populations, which should have practical benefits for both the current and future pandemics and health crises. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-leadership; psychological capital (PsyCap); coping self-efficacy; health protective behaviors; COVID-19 self-leadership; psychological capital (PsyCap); coping self-efficacy; health protective behaviors; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maykrantz, S.A.; Langlinais, L.A.; Houghton, J.D.; Neck, C.P. Self-Leadership and Psychological Capital as Key Cognitive Resources for Shaping Health-Protective Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Adm. Sci. 2021, 11, 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci11020041

AMA Style

Maykrantz SA, Langlinais LA, Houghton JD, Neck CP. Self-Leadership and Psychological Capital as Key Cognitive Resources for Shaping Health-Protective Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Administrative Sciences. 2021; 11(2):41. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci11020041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maykrantz, Sherry A.; Langlinais, Luke A.; Houghton, Jeffery D.; Neck, Christopher P. 2021. "Self-Leadership and Psychological Capital as Key Cognitive Resources for Shaping Health-Protective Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic" Adm. Sci. 11, no. 2: 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci11020041

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