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Comparative Analysis on Urban Flood Countermeasures Based on Life Cycle Thinking: A Comparison between Enhancing of Drainage Capacity Project and Sponge City

Faculty of Environmental Engineering, University of Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 808-0135, Japan
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Environments 2020, 7(7), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7070051
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 28 June 2020 / Accepted: 4 July 2020 / Published: 7 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water and Energy Consumption in Urban Water Cycles)
The recent increase in rainstorm waterlogging disasters has acutely threatened sustainable urban development in China. Traditional strategy to solve this problem is drainage capacity enhancing projects, which aims at enlarging the discharge of water. Recently, there is a new countermeasure emerged in Chinese cities: ‘Sponge City’, which aims at enlarging the absorption of water by increasing the curves of urban land. This article endeavours to make a comparison between these two countermeasures by building a framework to design and analyze the private or social costs of two projects which have the same rainwater control capacity. Finally, we have come to the conclusion that only considering initial cost, Sponge City unit cost is much more than drainage capacity enhancing project unit cost; considering external cost, Sponge City is not only competitive from an economical perspective, from an environmental perspective Sponge City is also competitive. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban flood countermeasure; life cycle; Sponge City urban flood countermeasure; life cycle; Sponge City
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Fan, X.; Matsumoto, T. Comparative Analysis on Urban Flood Countermeasures Based on Life Cycle Thinking: A Comparison between Enhancing of Drainage Capacity Project and Sponge City. Environments 2020, 7, 51.

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