Next Article in Journal
Quantifying Dustiness, Specific Allergens, and Endotoxin in Bulk Soya Imports
Next Article in Special Issue
System-Based Assessments—Improving the Confidence in the EIA Process
Previous Article in Journal
Production of Geopolymeric Mortars Containing Forest Biomass Ash as Partial Replacement of Metakaolin
Article Menu
Issue 4 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Environments 2017, 4(4), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments4040075

In the Dark Shadow of the Supercycle Tailings Failure Risk & Public Liability Reach All Time Highs

1
Bowker Associates Science & Research in the Public Interest, 15 Cove Meadow Rd, Stonington, ME 04681, USA
2
Center for Science in Public Participation, 224 North Church Avenue, Bozeman, MT 59715, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 September 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 18 October 2017 / Published: 21 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1861 KB, uploaded 21 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

This is the third in a series of independent research papers attempting to improve the quality of descriptive data and analysis of tailings facility failures globally focusing on the relative occurrence, severity and root causes of these failures. This paper updates previously published failures data through 2010 with both additional data pre-2010 and additional data 2010–2015. All three papers have explored the connection between high public consequence failure trends and mining economics trends especially grade, costs to produce and price. This work, the third paper, looks more deeply at that connection through several autopsies of the dysfunctional economics of the period 2000–2010 in which the greatest and longest price increase in recorded history co-occurred across all commodities, a phenomenon sometimes called a supercycle. That high severity failures reached all-time highs in the same decade as prices rose to highs, unprecedented since 1916, challenges many fundamental beliefs and assumptions that have governed modern mining operations, investment decisions, and regulation. It is from waste management in mining, a non-revenue producing cost incurring part of every operation, that virtually all severe environmental and community damages arise. These damages are now more frequently at a scale and of a nature that is non-remediable and beyond any possibility of clean up or reclamation. The authors have jointly undertaken this work in the public interest without funding from the mining industry, regulators, non-governmental organizations, or from any other source. View Full-Text
Keywords: tailings storage facility failures; supercycle; mining metric; tailings storage failure predictions tailings storage facility failures; supercycle; mining metric; tailings storage failure predictions
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bowker, L.N.; Chambers, D.M. In the Dark Shadow of the Supercycle Tailings Failure Risk & Public Liability Reach All Time Highs. Environments 2017, 4, 75.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Environments EISSN 2076-3298 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top