Next Article in Journal
Understanding Suicide Risk in People with Dementia and Family Caregivers in South Korea: A Systematic Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Resistant Depression: A Scoping Review
Previous Article in Journal
Public Service Motivation and Determining Factors to Attract and Retain Health Professionals in the Public Sector: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
One Year after the Flood: Prevalence and Correlates of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Residents in Fort McMurray

Five Years after the Fort McMurray Wildfire: Prevalence and Correlates of Low Resilience

Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada
Global Psychological E-Health Foundation, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada
Department of Psychiatry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 2E2, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Scott D. Lane
Behav. Sci. 2022, 12(4), 96;
Received: 1 March 2022 / Revised: 23 March 2022 / Accepted: 26 March 2022 / Published: 30 March 2022
Background: The Fort McMurray wildfire of 3 May 2016 was one of the most devastating natural disasters in Canadian history. Although resilience plays a crucial role in the daily functioning of individuals by acting as a protective shield that lessens the impact of disasters on their mental well-being, to date little is known about the long-term impact of wildfires on resilience and associated predictors of low resilience. Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence and predictors of resilience among residents of Fort McMurray five years after the wildfires. Method: This was a quantitative cross-sectional study. A self-administered online survey which included standardized rating scales for resilience (BRS), anxiety (GAD-7), depression (PHQ-9), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)(PCL-C) was used to determine the prevalence of resilience as well as its demographic, clinical, and wildfire-related predictors. The data were collected between 24 April and 2 June 2021 and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 using univariate analysis with a chi-squared test and binary logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 186 residents completed the survey out of 249 who accessed the online survey, producing a response rate of 74.7%. Most of the respondents were females (85.5%, 159), above 40 years of age (81.6%, 80), employed (94.1%, 175), and in a relationship (71%, 132). Two variables—having had PTSD symptoms (OR = 2.85; 95% CI: 1.06–7.63), and age—were significant predictors of low resilience in our study. The prevalence of low resilience in our sample was 37.4%. Conclusions: Our results suggest that age and the presence of PTSD symptoms were the independent significant risk factors associated with low resilience five years after the Fort McMurray wildfire disaster. Further research is needed to enhance understanding of the pathways to resilience post-disaster to identify the robust predictors and provide appropriate interventions to the most vulnerable individuals and communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: disaster; wildfires; predictors; mental health; PTSD; resilience disaster; wildfires; predictors; mental health; PTSD; resilience
MDPI and ACS Style

Adu, M.K.; Eboreime, E.; Shalaby, R.; Sapara, A.; Agyapong, B.; Obuobi-Donkor, G.; Mao, W.; Owusu, E.; Oluwasina, F.; Pazderka, H.; Agyapong, V.I.O. Five Years after the Fort McMurray Wildfire: Prevalence and Correlates of Low Resilience. Behav. Sci. 2022, 12, 96.

AMA Style

Adu MK, Eboreime E, Shalaby R, Sapara A, Agyapong B, Obuobi-Donkor G, Mao W, Owusu E, Oluwasina F, Pazderka H, Agyapong VIO. Five Years after the Fort McMurray Wildfire: Prevalence and Correlates of Low Resilience. Behavioral Sciences. 2022; 12(4):96.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adu, Medard Kofi, Ejemai Eboreime, Reham Shalaby, Adegboyega Sapara, Belinda Agyapong, Gloria Obuobi-Donkor, Wanying Mao, Ernest Owusu, Folajinmi Oluwasina, Hannah Pazderka, and Vincent I. O. Agyapong. 2022. "Five Years after the Fort McMurray Wildfire: Prevalence and Correlates of Low Resilience" Behavioral Sciences 12, no. 4: 96.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop