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Open AccessArticle

The Relationship between Executive Functions and Language Production in 5–6-Year-Old Children: Insights from Working Memory and Storytelling

1
Lomonosov MSU, Moscow 125009, Russia
2
Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
3
Institute of linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 125009, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(2), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10020052
Received: 22 November 2019 / Revised: 30 January 2020 / Accepted: 31 January 2020 / Published: 5 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue XVI European Congress of Psychology)
This study examined the relationship between working memory capacity and narrative abilities in 5–6-year-old children. 269 children were assessed on their visual and verbal working memory and performed in a story retelling and a story creation (based on a single picture and on a series of pictures) tasks. The stories were evaluated on their macrostructure and microstructure. The results revealed a significant relationship between both components (verbal and visual) of working memory and the global indicators of a story’s macrostructure—such as semantic completeness, semantic adequacy, programming and narrative structure—and with the indicators of a story’s microstructure, such as grammatical accuracy and number of syntagmas. Yet, this relationship was systematically stronger for verbal working memory, as compared to visual working memory, suggesting that a well-developed verbal working memory leads to lexically and grammatically more accurate language production in preschool children. View Full-Text
Keywords: preschool age; verbal working memory; visual working memory; oral language; narrative preschool age; verbal working memory; visual working memory; oral language; narrative
MDPI and ACS Style

Veraksa, A.; Bukhalenkova, D.; Kartushina, N.; Oshchepkova, E. The Relationship between Executive Functions and Language Production in 5–6-Year-Old Children: Insights from Working Memory and Storytelling. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 52.

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