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Open AccessArticle

Psychological Processes and Personality Factors for an Appropriate Tsunami Evacuation

1
International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8572, Japan
2
Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan
3
Faculty of Informatics, Shizuoka Institute of Science and Technology, Fukuroi 437-8555, Japan
4
Smart-Aging Research Center, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan
5
Graduate School of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8576, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(8), 326; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9080326
Received: 15 June 2019 / Revised: 20 July 2019 / Accepted: 22 July 2019 / Published: 25 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interdisciplinary Geosciences Perspectives of Tsunami Volume 2)
Although various factors related to the environment (perception of earthquake and warning) and knowledge (oral history and scientific knowledge) affect individual differences in evacuation behavior before a tsunami, the roles of psychological processes and personality factors in such relationships are poorly understood. We addressed this research gap by applying hierarchical regression analyses to survey data from survivors of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami disaster. Previously-known contributions of environmental and knowledge factors were mostly replaced by the perception of a tsunami risk and threat, and these background factors were shown to facilitate these psychological processes. Several personality factors directly contributed to voluntary evacuation, particularly leadership and active well-being in the Power to Live scale, and extraversion in the Big Five scale. Overall, these results seem to indicate the need for formulating two independent targets when developing measures to enhance appropriate tsunami evacuation. Facilitation of the perception of a tsunami risk and threat may basically be pursued by developing existing approaches. Addressing the relevant personality factors may be done in a broader context of disaster or general education and sociocultural activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: earthquake; education; normalcy bias; personality; risk perception; threat perception; tsunami evacuation; warning earthquake; education; normalcy bias; personality; risk perception; threat perception; tsunami evacuation; warning
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Sugiura, M.; Sato, S.; Nouchi, R.; Honda, A.; Ishibashi, R.; Abe, T.; Muramoto, T.; Imamura, F. Psychological Processes and Personality Factors for an Appropriate Tsunami Evacuation. Geosciences 2019, 9, 326.

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