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Geosciences 2018, 8(8), 277; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8080277

Can Indigenous Knowledge Contribute to the Sustainability Management of the Aspiring Rio Coco Geopark, Nicaragua?

Faculty of Informatics and Management of University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
Received: 3 May 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 27 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the “14th European Geoparks Conference”)
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Abstract

Indigenous knowledge in the UNESCO Global Geoparks represents an important emerging research topic. This study investigates aspects of the indigenous environmental knowledge in the southern part of the aspiring Rio Coco Geopark (Nicaragua) and its potential to enhance the sustainability management of geotourism and other geopark activities. The ethnographic method has been implemented in the form of semi-structured interviewing of the representatives of local households and through the application of participant observation. Related field research methods included documentation of the life history of Elders, focal group discussions, GPS mapping, photo-documentation, and problem tree analysis. The results indicate that the best-conserved indigenous environmental knowledge relates to the use of land, rocks, and plants, while the expression and transmission of the spiritual dimension of this traditional knowledge are declining. The key implications of the observed indigenous knowledge for the geopark decision-makers include the identified potential for its sustainability management, geotourism and geo-interpretation opportunities, as well as the conditions for the implementation of this potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: indigenous knowledge; geopark; geotourism; Nicaragua; sustainability management indigenous knowledge; geopark; geotourism; Nicaragua; sustainability management
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Pásková, M. Can Indigenous Knowledge Contribute to the Sustainability Management of the Aspiring Rio Coco Geopark, Nicaragua? Geosciences 2018, 8, 277.

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